Evaluate the extent to which the memory of the first world war effected how nations or groups advanced their political objectives in the period 19181939. World war one was a global conflict caused by the Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia in response to the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was heir to the throne for Austria-Hungary done by a group of nationalists. Through this war many other big powers of the world joined in causing a global conflict. This was considered the end to all wars as it was the gravest war in human history involving many countries and killing many people, such as the Armenian genocide. The memory of World War one was horrible as many were killed and countries such as Germany were heavily reprimanded for war crimes and losing the war in the treaty of Versailles which officially ended the war. While many may argue that the memory of world war one did not effect how nations or groups advanced political objectives in the period 1918-1939, I would argue it had a huge effect. The memory of World war one greatly effected the advancement of political objectives because the sorrows of the war left great marks on each country influencing choices made for political objectives. Document 1 shows a picture of the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior. This is meant to show to the public the grave loss’ to World War one. This advances political efforts because new British political parties forming which promised to bring healing to the nation of Britain were able to use things such as memorials to aid their advancements. Document five is a speech given by the interior minister of Turkey. In the speech the minister grieves for the lost Turkish lives and tells people to appreciate what they sacrificed for Turkey. The audience this speech was garnered to were Turkish voters as this was for the Gallipoli campaign. This is goes to show how the losses of world war one was used to advance political objectives as shown by the minister using the lost lives of Turkish soldiers as reason to vote in favor of him. A huge part in the memory of World War one effecting political advancements were the reflections upon actions committed by certain groups in terms of independence/rights. Document 2 is a statement made by Ghandi were he specifically talks about how big of a role India played in World War one for helping Britain win the war. “I came reluctantly to the conclusion that the British connection had made India more helpless than she ever was before, politically and economically”, this was a direct consequence of India’s sacrifice for Britain. The whole point of this statement was to make the case for India’s independence. Ghandhi’s point of view in this statement is from the eyes of an Indian man who experienced World War one firsthand on the aiding side from India. The use of reflection upon the war is clearly used in advancing the political objective of freeing India. This ties to a historical continuity of Britain colonizing around the world and using its colonies for help in warfare, no different in the case of India during World War one. Document 5 reflects World War one veterans and their wants, “We don’t want your goddamned memorial; we want work”, This showing how the perspective of veterans can be used to persuade leaders into making political advancements. The memory of world war one was heavily used in advancing political objectives through the manipulation of different groups or events in World War one. Document 3 Adolf Hitler delivers a speech in front of right-wing paramilitary discussing the future of rebuilding Germany and uses Jews as a scape goat to use an excuse for the War and gain supporters. “Our streets and squares shall once more bear the names of our heroes; they shall not be names after Jewish traitors”, completely showing the blame on Jews used to rally support for Hitler advancing political objectives of dictatorship. Document 4 is a group of communists making statements tearing apart western socialism and how it was a failure from World War one. “In this way, socialist parties betrayed their principles and turned into servants of imperialism”, trying to exploit socialists in result of its failure in World War one to persuade people to join the movement of communism. Through the documents it has been shown a various number of times how the memory of World War one effected advancements of political objectives heavily. This is a continuity through out history as seen through multiple widespread conflicts. An example of this is between the Spanish and south Americans which resulted in Europeans making political land grabs in result of conflict during the 1600-1700’s period. In this situation the memory of conflict resulted in advancement of political objective just like after World War one in the period of 19181939.