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Interwar Europe and Japan study guide

Be able to label Germany, Italy, the USSR, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Yugoslavia, and Poland.
Be able to label land controlled by France, England, Japan, the US, and the Netherlands. Be able to label
The Soviet Union
1. What two men vied for control of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death?
a. How were their beliefs and strategies different?
b. Who gained control and what happened to the other?
2. What is collectivization?
a. How did Stalin attempt to carry out collectivization?
3. Who were the kulaks?
4. How did Stalin deal with his opponents?
Why was this so harmful to the USSR with the Second World War less than a decade
The Rise of Fascism in Italy
5. Why was fascism able to take root in Italy at the conclusion of WWI?
6. What does the fasces symbol represent?
7. How did fascists indoctrinate children into the fascist system?
8. What dictator took control of Italy in the 1920s?
Imperial Japan
9. What is Pan-Asianism?
a. How did the Japanese use this concept in the Pacific?
10. How did the Japanese portray non-Japanese people?
a. What did this allow them to do?
11. What was the primary reason that Japan needed to expand?
12. How did the Japanese manipulate citizens into serving the needs of the Japanese Imperialist
The Spanish Civil War
13. How did the fascist takeover of Spain differ from that of Germany and Italy?
14. What were the International Brigades and what were they trying to accomplish?
15. Why did the Americans call themselves the “Abraham Lincoln Brigade”?
16. Who were the two main opponents during this conflict?
a. What did each side want?
17. Why were most European powers hesitant to get involved in the Spanish Civil War?
Nazi Germany
18. How was Hitler’s background similar to that of many of his countrymen?
19. How was Hitler able to rise from obscure political figure to the dictator of Germany in such a
short amount of time?
20. Who did the Nazis blame for Germany’s loss in WWI?
21. What were the two main goals of the Nazi party?
22. What does the swastika represent?