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Course, Yr. & Sec: BSED SCIENCE 2B
IV. Learning Activities
Topic 1: Meaning and Importance of History
A. Picture Analysis. Test your memory by identifying what events in history were
illustrated in the following pictures. Then describe at least 2 sentences about the picture. Write
your answers inside the box.
The gentlemen in front are seated, while the
other men are standing at the back. They're all
dressed casually or in an American suit, and the
picture was taken inside the chapel.
gathered and
There were Katipuneros shouting and lifting
the one
in the center
be identified
by the
they were
leading with
leading with
their heads. They were empowered or
fight and cheered
on. for
to prepare
or war.by
or motivated.
their voices
and lifting their weapons in
preparation for a fight or war.
There were several priests, but four of them
were shackled to a wooden plank and had sacks
over their heads. Those priests are getting ready
for death.
A man was holding the Philippine flag and
waving it in front of the crowd. Based on the
photo, I believe they are enjoying their
independence and cheering for their fellow
Topic 1 C.
Discuss the importance of studying history. Write your answers in 5 sentences.
History deepens our understanding of the world. Studying history is very significant for
everyone, especially the younger generations, because it ensures that all generations are informed of
the past, which keeps them nourished and allows them to get answers to their questions about why a
certain event occurs and what the story behind it is. Apart from that, it may assist each individual in
determining what activities are good and useful for everyone because they have been tried based on
historical events, and everyone can learn from the past. By studying history, you will gain a variety of
transferable abilities, including informed citizenship, critical thinking, research, and general
knowledge. Furthermore, historical knowledge is applicable to a wide range of vocations, can lead to
a number of opportunities, and can be used to honor all of the heroes from the past.
Topic 2: Historical Methodology
My past revisited.
Make a timeline of the significant events that happened in your life from the past
until the present. They should be arranged in chronological order. Don’t forget to
write the year.
Make a timeline of the significant
happened in your 2015
life from the
past until the present. They should be arranged in chronological order. Don’t forget
2. In relation to your timeline, answer the following questions in 2 sentences.
2.1 Why did you choose to write those certain events of your life in the
I chose those moments in my life that are particularly unforgettable and near
and dear to my heart, making me feel as though my life is full of treasures and
happiness, and I will never regret having them in my life. These events are one of the
major foundations that encourage me to appreciate what I have, and they serve as a
constant reminder that my life is both beautiful and valuable.
It was the year 2007, just like in the first photo, when I graduated from
kindergarten. It stands out in my mind because it feels like it was the first time in my
life that my parents were proud of me. In the second photo, it's our first group photo
of my father's cousins, where we've all grown up and some of my cousins are now
successful, which inspires me even more. The third photo was taken on my
grandmother's 80th birthday, when my entire family was photographed. Because of
the party, we became closer as a family, and this shot is quite unforgettable. The next
photo was taken before the pandemic, and it shows us winning a choral competition
for the first time at our school. It was a really emotional moment since my fellow
students and teachers were so proud with us. The fifth image was captured in the year
2020. It's the baptism of my niece. That occasion is near and dear to my heart because
my niece has a heart condition that necessitates me attending every event for her. I
love her, and I thank God that she is currently in good health and has recovered from
her open-heart surgery. The most recent photo I have is of my grandmother's birthday
party, and it is still fresh in my mind that I was extremely happy about that occasion
because it brought my entire family together for a short period of time.
Not only will cherishing moments as they occur make you feel grateful for
life, but it will also help you have a more optimistic and pleasant mindset. You don't
want to look back on your life and regret all the things you didn't try or acknowledge.
2.2 How did you feel while revisiting your past and writing them?
I'm emotional because I didn't even realize that I was growing more quickly
than I thought. It's really uplifting to view my memories with my loved ones, but I'm
sad since they'll just be memories, and there are certain people I won't be able to see
at those specific moments. But, aside from that, I am really proud of where I am
today, having overcome all of the obstacles, and I will cherish and be grateful for
those memories for the rest of my life.
Based on the readings on the previous page, answer the
following in 5 sentences:
2.1 What is the relationship between history and the
History is the soul of humanity since it holds the lessons learned from the past.
Historians, on the other hand, are people who go out of their way to find new
knowledge for us. These two are inextricably linked since the historian's insights are
crucial to the historian's ability to detail and deliver. Aside from that, their insights are
to reveal the truth and tell everyone what transpired at the moment. Historians use the
historical method to collect and assess data from a variety of primary sources in order
to answer questions about historical occurrences. During the course of their
investigations, they may examine written records, tangible objects, and other sorts of
evidence. History is the study of the past, specifically historical peoples, societies,
events, and issues, as well as our attempts to comprehend them. It is a goal pursued by
all human societies. Furthermore, history will not be told or documented without
historians, and historians will not exist if there is no history to be told.
2.2 Why is it that most of the time historians have the tendency of being “biased’
in writing history?
When it comes to detailing information from history, historians become biased
when they favor a particular person or event. For example, if historians preferred
someone else, everything positive or nice data would be shared, but such negative
actions or circumstances would be kept hidden. Furthermore, if historians are not
favored from the opposing side, they will just write all wrongdoings or unnecessary
happenings that occur. One of the factors affecting bias is that each historian has their
own culture and beliefs. As a result, biased sources might produce biased history—
that is, history that is partial as a result of someone influencing the historical
reconstruction process in accordance with his or her own views.
2.3 Explain the quote of Teodoro Agoncillo: “The role of the Filipino historian
must be the role of all historians. There is, of course, [Filipino history], but as
rule, the role of the historian is to tell the truth-- in so far as documents are
Historians research and maintain historical documents on a regular basis.
Historians study historical documents and sources to research, evaluate, interpret, and
write about the past. According to the quote, a Filipino historian should be like all
historians, but even if you want to reveal everything that happened, you must know
your boundaries. Nobody will believe you if you don't have any proof to support your
claims. That is why, for every piece of information we record, we will always provide
legitimate documentation to avoid any further queries, as well as any judgments or
conflicts. In order to write history, you'll need a lot of documents and proof. Even if
you wish to speak the truth, it will not make sense if you lack evidence.
Topic 3: Historical Sources: Primary and Secondary Sources.
A. What happened today?
Write in the table on the next page the events that being
experienced today. On the right column, write the significant events
that you have experienced today. On the left column, think of an
experience/s that your friend/family members/strangers which
He/she shared it to you. Be sure to ask for their consent. Write 5
sentences in each column.
My experience today
My day started out like any other, with an
Experience shared by my
friends/family/strangers to me
As for today, I was with my cousin, and
online lesson, household chores, and a visit when we had some time to talk, she told me
to my cousin's house. When I arrive, our
about something that had happened to her
hobbit will be eating a variety of foods.
earlier. She told me that she had some
That's why we're going to bake some
dizziness while working on her school
cookies and cupcakes, as well as fry some activities before I arrived at their place. She
potatoes. After we've finished cooking,
takes her medicine right away and rests for
we'll watch a movie together while eating
the time being.
the food we've prepared.
2. Based on your answers above, answer the following questions.
2.1. Which of the experiences above is considered as a primary source?
My cousin and I are the primary sources. When it comes to my experiences, I
am the primary source of what occurred to me because I am the one who created those
experiences. When it comes to my cousin's experiences, she is also the primary source
of the information she told me afterwards about what happened to her.
2.2. Which of the experiences above is considered as a secondary source?
For me, the experiences that can be considered secondary sources are my
cousin's experiences. It is when she tells me about what happened to her. That
information was given to me by her, and that is why her experience can be considered
a secondary source.