4.08 Electoral College Essay, By Cristian Popa The Electoral College is a very conversational system that the United States uses to elect its president. Many people argue that the Electoral College is fair and just worthy, while others demand the system be repealed for not truly representing america. Both sides have good points, but digging a bit deeper, it is clear to see that the Electoral College impedes democracy and should be replaced. The Founding Fathers build the United States government on popular sovereignty, meaning it gets its power from the people. Logically, It's safe to assume that the candidate that gets the most votes across the country should be elected, right? However, since the founding of the nation, there have been 5 times where the candidate with the popular vote lost the election, and even as recent as 2016. How is this possible? Well, the Electoral College is a system where instead of the nationwide popular vote being used, the popular votes of each specific state is used, in addition to having a winner take all system. This means, for example, that a candidate that one only won 51% of the vote in Florida, takes all of Florida’s 27 electoral votes. It's plain to see why the system is impeding democracy. The opposing candidate that won 49% of the vote doesn't get any votes from the electoral college. This also means that states that are heavily one sided politically are almost guaranteed to go one way. Political analysts call these states safe states. For example, the state of Wyoming is a very safe republican state, meaning in every election, it is very likely the state will vote republican every single time. The electoral college creates a system that makes it so only a handful of states are targeted by candidates, only because they're competitive, meaning that basically 80% of the country is thrown out and is not even consequential to determining the president. This is how America has had 5 elections where the losing candidate got fewer votes than the opposition party. There is no way in hiding that the Electoral College is the opposite of democratic, and should definitely be repealed. ‘ In addition, the Electoral College also has underlying effects towards democracy and the will of the people. As previously mentioned, the majority of the states in America can be categorized as safely democratic or republican. Because of this notion, many voters in these states that have the opposing view on their states leading party, will often feel unmotivated to vote, thinking their vote doesn't count. For example, someone who was a strong Democrat, but lived in Wyoming, probably stayed home, thinking their vote was useless. This is a huge problem that is caused by the Electoral College. If a popular vote system was put into place, everyone's vote, no matter what stated they lived, across the entire country, everyone's vote would matter equally, and nobody's vote would be “useless”. After all, in the Constitution, it is clearly written that all men and women are equal. This should mean that my power to vote should be the exact same amount of power as your vote. It just makes sense. This system of the Electoral College is fundamentally changing this guaranteed equality, and should absolutely be removed. Numerous Critics Argue in favor of the Electoral College, saying that the system helps the small states with fewer populations from being ignored by candidates. They say that a candidate without the system could just appeal only to the big cities, and win the election that way. While these claims have substance on the surface, diving a bit deeper, we can start to see why this claim becomes invalid. During the 2016 election, both party candidates Hillary clinton and Donald Trump did not visit 26 states a single time. 95% of all campaign money and appearances were at battleground swing states, such as Florida, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. If the electoral college is supposed to make every state equal, then why do candidates only focus on these states? Both Candidates knew that spending money to campaign in a safe state like Wyoming would have no benefit, so over 700,000 people were ignored just from that one state. It's easy to see just how much the system is skewed. The electoral college doesn't provide equal representation on a state level, nor on a citizen level. It favors certain states over others and thus candidates focus on certain groups and people over others. This is the most basic form of being undemocratic. In conclusion, the Electoral College system is an archaic form of electing our president. The system is outdated, one sided, and certainly impedes our important democracy. Popular sovereignty should instead lead our country in elections, and there shouldn't be any instance where the popular candidate is not elected. Although critics of the system have some objections, digging deeper, it's true to see the right side of this issue. It's important that everyone is on the same side of this debate, as abolishing this system is a step in the right direction for our precious democracy.