TYPES OF ENERGY Video Capture Worksheet Directions: Using the video link provided, answer the following questions in complete sentences. 1. Name the two (2) basic categories of energy and explain the difference between them. kinetic energy and the potential these two are the basic forms of energy and we know that kinetic energy is the energy of moving objects while potential energy is energy that is stored 2. Name eight (8) other types of energy. thermal energy radiant energy light energy chemical energy nuclear energy electrical energy gravitational energy energy 3. Describemechanical how thermal energy is produced and transferred. is produced when there is a rise in temperature 4. Explain what radiant energy is. Describe how it is transferred. energy that is transferred by electromagnetic radiation, such as light, X-rays, gamma rays, and thermal radiation 5. Describe light energy. Explain how it is transferred. Light travels in the form of a wave when it travels 6. What spectrum does light energy travel through? Visible light TYPES OF ENERGY Video Capture Worksheet 7. Explain how plants use light energy to make food. During photosynthesis, plants trap light energy with their leaves. Plants use the energy of the sun to change water and carbon dioxide into a sugar called glucose 8. Explain what chemical energy is, and the category of energy it falls under. Describe three (3) ways chemical energy is used. Energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds Chemical batteries Biomass Natural gas 9. Where do we get nuclear energy from? Explain how this energy is released. nuclear energy is the energy released by a chain reaction, especially by fission or fusion. nuclear energy uses fuel made from mined and processed uranium to make steam and generate electricity. 10. What is electrical energy? Explain how it works. Electrical energy is caused by moving electric charges called electrons 11. Explain what gravitational energy is. How does it occur? Describe “higher gravitational energy”. Gravitational potential energy increases when two objects are brought further apart. 12. What is mechanical energy? How is it transferred? A mechanical energy transfer takes place when work is done by a force over a displacement (parallel with that force).