Uploaded by Alyssa Angeli Lorete

RLW Prelim Exam

1. Explain the provisions of RIZAL LAW based on your understanding of the lessons.
Rizal Law or Republic Act No. 1425 is an act requiring educational institutions to include the life,
works, and writings of Rizal in its curriculum. As a third-year BSIT student in Forbes college, it is one of
the units I am taking, and we are currently tackling its provisions. This includes an in-depth discussion
of his life and his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. For me, his writings are a source of
inspiration and a reminder of patriotism. Furthermore, it gives the sense of honoring what our heroes
have done for our country's sovereignty today.
2. How would reading of Rizal's novels impart patriotism?
In my opinion, reading and understanding the novels of Rizal instills patriotism since every chapter
of the novels raises social issues being faced up to this day, and we can actually learn from it, especially
it was dedicated to our motherland with the intention of fighting for freedom without the use of
armed weapons. With this said, if we actually devote ourselves to analyzing and understanding the
novels and other writings, it encourages us to become better citizens of the country and develop a
love for our Nation and our fellow countrymen; some of these are Sa Aking Mga Kabata, A La Juventud
Filipina, and more.
3. Identify the characters and their roles on the movie "Ganito Kami Noon Paano Kayo Ngayon?"
The movie "Ganito Kami Noon Paano Kayo Ngayon?" is a film showing the transition of
administration, the colonial intrusion, and a lost identity. The plot follows the life of Nicolas "Kulas"
Ocampo, who helps Padre Gil to find Bindoy, an illegitimate child of his. Matilde 'Diding' Diaz Patron
broke Kulas' heart and is an anti-Mara Clara. Don Tibor is a selfish rich man who poses as a friend to
Kulas but sees him as a rival not just for Diding's affections but also for nationality.
4. Briefly discuss the history and culture of the Filipinos prior to the arrival of the Spaniards?
Before the arrival and colonization of the Spaniards, Filipinos were living as tribes across the
Philippines. Bikols, Tagalogs, and Pampangos occupied Luzon, Bisayas on the central islands. In terms
of Languages, a large number of spoken languages came from Malayo-Polynesian descent and were
using systems of writing borrowed from Hindu or Javanese sources. Beliefs of deities and the strong
belief of their ancestors, which were represented by small images called "anitos." were evident during
those times.
5. Briefly discuss the Spanish colonization in the Philippines.
The Spanish colonial era in the Philippines started on March 16, 1521, when explorer
Ferdinand Magellan arrived and claimed the islands for the Spanish Empire. On the 14th of the
following month, Magellan gave a statue of Sto. Nino to Rajah Humabon, ruler of Cebu at that time,
as a gift and on 27th got killed. King Philip II despatched three further expeditions, all of which
ended in failure, until finally sending Miguel López de Legazpi, who in 1565 founded the first
permanent Spanish settlement in Cebu. When Manila, the Spanish capital, was built in 1571, most
of Luzon and the lowland lands between it and northern Mindanao were under Spanish authority
by the end of the 16th century.