The W.H.Y Method of structuring and planning paragraphs There are 3 sections to every paragraph. They are: W- What you are going to write about (Topic Sentence) H – How you are going to examine it /prove it (Body) Y – Why is this important? (Concluding Sentence) WHAT What is the topic/thesis point of the paragraph? One sentence or two sentences only. HOW How you are going to back up the topic/thesis point - the details and evidence that explain your topic. What extra information do you need to give to explore your topic and prove your opinion/ideas? The type of detail needed will depend on your subject, purpose and text type. There might be one, two or three points you could look at in detail. There should be cohesive links or flow between the points. Detail 1 Detail 2 Detail 3 Evidence – analysis result/effect Evidence – analysis result/effect Evidence – analysis result/effect WHY? Tie back what you have talked about to the topic and sum up your discussion. Why is all this important? What have you learnt? Why does this answer the question? What is the relevance/significance/value of the topic to you, to others? One or two sentences are enough.