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At this time, the search for enemies begins, accidental accidents in
the mines are explained by theirs scheme, criminal cases are fabricated,
and purges are carried out in party organizations. In the late 40th and
early 50th, social scientists of the republic became victims too. The
scientists and writers such as K. Satpayev, M. Auezov, T. Tazhibayev
were forced to leave Kazakhstan. A lot of biologists, physicians and
geologists accused of “cosmopolitanism” and also were expelled from
scientific and higher educational institutions. According to various
estimates, approximately from 2 to 3 million people became victims of
mass famine, more than 1.5 million ran away from Kazakhstan, which in
total amounted to 60-65% of the entire Kazakh nation.
On the territory of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, which
was devastated by the famine the 1930th, was created a lot of camps. In
Kazakhstan were worked 11 camps named GULAG, the largest of them
were “Дальний”, “Песчаный”, “КарЛаг”, “АЛЖИР”, “Степной”,
“КамышЛаг”. All of them were closed only in 1960th years.
Repression between 1940th – early 1950th left a big mark on our
history and affected to our future. Many monuments and museums have
been erected in the country. For instance, museum-memorial complexes
“АЛЖИР”, “КарЛаг”. Streets and state institutions are named after
these figures in modern Kazakhstan. Their works are studied by
schoolchildren and students and researched by scientists. At the same
time, May 31st is recognized as a day of remembrance for victims of
repression according to the decree of the President of Kazakhstan in
1997. It is special day for every Kazakh and Kazakhstan in general.