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Software Game Testing

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)
Volume 4 Issue 4, June 2020 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 – 6470
Software Game Testing
Nimisha Karumathil
Student, Audyogik Shikshan Mandal's Institute of Management & Computer Studies, Thane, Maharashtra, India
The purpose of this paper is to analyze in general the process of testing games
and describe in more detail all the aspects of test phases in a game
development process.
How to cite this paper: Nimisha
Karumathil "Software Game Testing"
International Journal
of Trend in Scientific
(ijtsrd), ISSN: 24566470, Volume-4 |
Issue-4, June 2020,
The game industry has grown significantly in the last decade and many
companies have started to use software engineering techniques in the game
development process.
All developing processes and products are subjected to test, for validation and
Modern software testing techniques can be easily used in game development
as well, however it is not easy to test a game due to its complexity, but
customers and managers are putting hard constraints on a game quality more
and more frequently.
Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and
International Journal of Trend in Scientific
Research and Development Journal. This
is an Open Access article distributed
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Commons Attribution
Effective testing techniques can reduce the testing times and improve game
quality and production time.
KEYWORDS: Game Testing, Verification, Validation, Static and Dynamic
Methodologies, Key Challenges of Software
Testing is a process used to help identify the correctness,
completeness and quality of developed software.
Testing helps in Verifying and Validating if the Software is
working as it intended to be working.
Testing should start at the early stage to reduce the cost and
time to rework and produce error free software.
Testing involves using Static and Dynamic methodologies to
Test the application.
Testing Types and Techniques
1. Functionality Testing: This literally means the method to
identify bugs or errors in a game that may affect the
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD31336
Clean Room testing: The game team test strategy in a
cleanroom test is to produce the test that plays the game
the way the user will play it.
Compatibility Testing: This is used to find whether a
game is functioning properly or not with respect to the
hardware, graphics and software configuration that the
device is built with. It is one of the essential mobile app
testing services that checks if a game title is able to run
on specific devices.
Tree Testing: This type of testing is almost the same as
usability testing. The only things needed are trees
(menu). Improves the overall understanding of the
complex features in the game.
Regression Testing: This testing is done after any kind of
modification. Checking the impact of changed part on
unchanged part of the application after modification.
Ad hoc testing: This is quite an unplanned testing
method generally used to break down the system.
Testers randomly test the app without test cases or any
Load testing: It is a type of performance testing to
determine the performance of a system under real-time
loads. Load testing shows the reaction of an app when
multiple users use the app simultaneously.
Play Testing: Play testing is the method of game testing
by playing the game to analyse non-functional features
like fun factors, difficulty levels, balance, etc. Here a
selected group of users plays the unfinished versions of
the game to check the workflow.
Localization Testing: Localization Testing is defined as a
software testing technique, where the product is
checked to assure that it behaves according to the local
culture or settings. (drawbacks)
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
These are mainly used testing while testing any games.
The technique which is used here is Black Box Testing and
White Box Testing White Box Testing is used by Developers
mainly and while doing Automation Testing testers use this.
Black Box Testing is mainly used by Testers to test each
functionality (functional and non-functional features) of the
According to research in 2017 & 2018 there were a total 15
games which were utter disappointment.
They weren’t absolutely terrible games, however, each of
them missed to match up to what the gamer’s desire.
For a huge number of reasons, these 15 games didn’t meet
players’ deepest desires, and in spite of the fact that fun
value can surely be found inside them, they didn’t
accomplish the significance they were supposed to offer.
From all of the 15 games which didn't workout, I found a
loophole in the games because of which it was lacking to
meet the Quality and Requirements of the end-users.
The key challenges of Software Game Testing
1. Testing considered late in the project.
2. Requirements not tested.
3. Integration is done after all components have been
developed: This might result in full testing not being
4. Complete testing is not possible.
5. Tester Focusing on finding easy bugs.
6. The testing always should be under time constraint.
7. There is a lack of skilled testers.
8. The requirements may keep on changing.
9. There can be some lack of resources, tools and training.
10. A complete application has to be tested.
11. A proper understanding of the requirements, domain
knowledge and the business user perspective
12. To know which tests need to be executed first.
13. Not giving proper knowledge about the product or not
giving any kind-off documentation to junior testers/
Problems and solution to overcome all these challenges
1. Testing should start at the beginning of Software
Development, right from the BRS document (Business
Requirement Specification)
Read whatever documentation is available to you Think
critically about what you have read and formulate questions
about it Proactively engage with people to get your questions
answered Developers for technical questions Product
managers for feature questions Field people to understand
how this is going to work with your customers in the real
world Assemble the information you gathered into
understandable and logically flowing test cases
SRS (Software Requirement Specification) Documents
which is made by Senior Business Analyst or Technical
Analyst should also be tested and reviewed
Each Component or Module should be tested as soon as
they develop it by using the dummy module also called
as (stub) / also can use the module of the previous
There is a criteria which we need to keep in mind while
testing that complete testing is not possible.
100% test coverage.
80% should be prepared.
20% test can be failed.
Sometimes it happens that organizations reward testers
based on a number of bugs (very bad approach to
judging Testers Performance) then some testers only
concentrate on finding easy bugs that don't require deep
understanding and testing. A hard or subtle bug remains
unnoticed in such a testing approach.
Some companies don't give proper knowledge about the
product and also don’t even give any kind-off
documentation to junior testers/ freshers. At that time
by using Exploratory testing we can do the testing here.
When there is lack of tools and training at that time Test
Control should take place by Test Manager, and should
add or remove the resource according to need.
It is obvious, Before the release of any Software
Application it should be tested completely.
Here by the help of Complete Testing/ Testing Principle we
can test the Software Completely.
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD31336
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May-June 2020
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
Principle of Testing / Complete Testing
#1) Testing Shows the Presence of Defects
#2) Early Testing
#3) Exhaustive Testing is Not Possible
#4) Testing is Context-Dependent
#5) Defect Clustering
#6) Pesticide Paradox
#7) Absence of Error
Testing a Game Software includes a lot many processes.
In this work we have tried to give an overview of Software
Game Testing. We have also introduced two most important
life cycles of testing.
The type of testing which we have listed above are most
commonly used testing types while testing a game. Also
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD31336
there are some major key challenges we have listed here
which we face while testing a Gaming Software. While
testing a gaming software we have a lot of things which need
to be done manually. By using the V-V Model and Principle of
Testing we can overcome the challenges which we are facing
while testing the game manually. An average gaming
development team spends more time on testing than any
other application development team. Also there are many
other advanced automation tools. But game development
process and testing mostly based on black box testing.
[1] https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4361/a1882ca8ea29
[2] https://scholarworks.rit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?artic
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