Uploaded by Shaun Kelly

Ottoman Empire Exam

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1. Under what Ottoman ruler did the empire reach its peak?

a.

Mehmed the Conqueror b.

Osman I c.

Mustafa I d.

Suleiman the Magnificent

2. What was the title of the ruler of the Ottoman Empire?

a. King b. Sultan c. Emperor d. Duke

3. What religion did the Ottomans follow?

a. Islam b. Christianity c. Judaism d. Polytheism

4. About how many years did the Ottoman Empire exist?

a. 150 b. 300 c. 600 d. 1000

5. Who founded the Ottoman Empire?

a. Osman I b. Suleiman the Magnificent c. Alexander the Great d. Mehmet II

6. What year did the Ottoman Empire conquer Constantinople, putting an end to the Byzantium Empire?

a. 1323 b. 1423 c. 1453 d. 1463

7. Under which sultan did the Ottomans conquer Constantinople?

a. Mahmud II b. Murad II c. Mehmet II d. Bayezid II

8. What was the name of the Ottoman levy that took adolescent Christian boys as slaves from the European provinces?

a. Divan b. Kharaj c. Caravanserai d. Devshirme

9. What was the name of the system that allowed Christians and Jews within the Ottoman Empire to be governed by their own religious leaders?

a. The Tanzimat b. The millet system c. Sharia law d. The concessions

10. Constantinople became known as this name after its capture:

a. Rome b. Venice c. Istanbul d. Byzantine

11. Which technology, first developed by the Chinese, enabled the Ottoman

Empire to expand into western Asia, Europe, and northern Africa?

a. Gunpowder b. Woodblock printing c. Wheelbarrow d. Magnetic compass

12. The Ottoman Turks viewed Constantinople as being strategically important because it:

a. Was the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad b. Would allow them to control Rome c. Gave them access to Europe and was important in the area of trade d. Would provide them with access to great wealth in the city

13. Who were the Ottomans named after?

a. Osman I b. Mehmet II c. Suleiman the Magnificent d. Selim

14. The home of the Ottoman Empire was in which modern-day country?

a. Turkey b. Cyprus c. Israel d. Liberia

15. When was the Ottoman Empire founded?

a. 610 AD b. 1000 AD c. 1299 AD d. 1399 AD

16. When did the Ottoman Empire fall?

a. The end of Suleiman the Magnificent’s Reign b. Soon after the end of World War 2 c. Soon after the end of World War 1 d. It still exists today as the country Turkey

17. The Ottoman’s placed depots along their roads every 30kms to allow the trading cameleers to rest from their long journey and be protected from thieves. What were these depots called?

a. Caravanserai b. Coravetties c. Car-stopovers d. Coravellys

18. The Hagia Sophia has been a significant building in world history, why is this so?

a. It was once a famous Bazaar and later became a residence for the Sultan b. It was once the Greek Orthodox Christian cathedral, later became a key

Ottoman mosque and is now a museum in Istanbul c. It served as a palace for the Sultans in the 1500s and 1600s d. It was the famous Mosque built for Suleiman the Magnificent

19. The Janissaries were:

a. Slave women who loved in the sultan’s harem b. Christian boys taken from conquered territories and trained to be elite soldiers c. Regional administrators who were granted freedom in exchange for loyalty and support d. Eunuchs in service to the sultan

20. When did the Ottoman Empire peak?

a. 1200s b. 1500s c. 1900s d. 1600s

True or False

5 Marks

1. The Ottomans required that all the peoples they conquered converted to the Islamic religion or they were executed.

2. The Ottoman’s Contributed much to Science and Technology.

In fact they are well known to have contributed to the development of hospitals and healthcare and advances in medicine, mining and military technology.

True False

3. Coffee houses were places where men and women gathered to drink coffee, smoke tobacco and be entertained, becoming centres of political discussion

4. The Ottomans were victorious at the battle of Kosovo in 1389, bringing an end to the Serbian Empire

5. The Crusades lasted for approximately 200 years, c.1100 to c.1300

Source Analysis: Using the acronym taught in class, analyse

5 Marks

the painting below.

Modern painting of Mehmed and the Ottoman Army approaching Constantinople with a giant bombard, by Fausto Zonaro .

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Short Answer Questions

1. Explain why Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire

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were important factors leading to the beginning of the Crusades

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2. List three achievements of Suleiman the Magnificent that contributed

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to him being regarded as such a great leader

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3. Describe in detail why Constantine was persuaded to become a

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Christian and what he did to the Roman Empire following this event:

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4. Explain why the Ottoman Empire was successful for so long:

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5. Christians, Muslims and Jews share one major thing in common,

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what is it?

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6. State the name of the trade route that went from China to Italy?

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7. Describe what happened in c.610 that would shape the Middle

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East for the next 1400 years?

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8. On the map below of Europe and the Middle East, list the following

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Countries, Cities and Seas: Constantinople, Italy, the Balkans, the

Western and Eastern Empire (approximate line between), the Black

Sea, the Dardanelles, the starting region of the Ottoman Empire,

Venice, Rome and the Mediterranean Sea -

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