Step Four B2.1 READING & TRAINING K Peter Foreman E Y T O T H E The 1880s: A Creative Decade page 5 – exercise 1 1885. First modern bicycle. Benz’s 3-wheeled vehicle that used petrol. 1886. Coca-Cola appears. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde published. 1887. Dunlop’s pneumatic tyre. Sherlock Holmes introduced. Queen’s Golden Jubilee. 1888. Stage play of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Berliner’s gramophone. First Kodak box camera. Whitechapel murders. page 5 – exercise 2 Open answers. page 10 – exercise 1 a. He is selling newspapers to people in the street. b. He is selling some kind of food. c. They are talking. d. The boys are looking at the other people. page 10 – exercise 2 The man and woman on the right are obviously richer than the other people in the scene. The boy selling the newspapers, the other children and the man with the basket are obviously poor. Chapter One page 10 – exercise 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. in London Docks changed went to watch the fire. in the streets and slept it was cheap was drinking too much. she had no money. did not have many street lamps. at 2.30am on August 31st person saw her alive again – her killer. page 17 – exercise 1 a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. Because the weather was cool. There was a great fire. In lodging houses. On drink. Because it was a poor area. At 2.30am on August 31st. In front of Brown’s stableyard. Constable Jonas Mizen/A policeman. In their bedroom (on the 2nd floor). Ellen Holland. He strangled her and cut her throat. It was new and unknown. E R C I S E page 20 – exercise 7 A A. 4 B. 1 C. 6 D. 3 E. 2 F. 5 B 1. Charles Cross discovered the Open answers. page 18 – exercise 3 TO THE EXERCISES AND EXIT TEST X pages 17, 18 – exercise 2 body. 3. Mr and Mrs Purkiss were trying to sleep in their bedroom. 6. The killer probably escaped into Whitechapel Road. KEY E 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. B 9. C 10. A pages 18, 19 – exercise 4 A a. clever, efficient, savage b. drunk, clean, quiet, good c. cool d. dark, gloomy, dangerous, dirty, cold, wet e. crowded, noisy f. quiet, narrow, dark B a. The Whitechapel streets b. c. d. e. f. The people of Whitechapel The lodging houses Alcohol The sky Inspector Abbeline page 19 – exercise 5 1. Constable John Neil/a. Found the body of Polly Nichols. 2. Polly Nichols/b. Got drunk, was murdered. 3. Inspector Abbeline/c. Investigated the murder. 4. Jack the Ripper/d. Killed Polly Nichols. 5. Ellen Holland/e. Talked with Polly Nichols. 6. Charles Cross/f. Found the body of Polly Nichols. page 20 – exercise 6 a. 4 b. 2 c. 6 d. 1 e. 7 f. 3 g. 8 h. 5 i. 9 j. 10 S Chapter Two page 21 – exercise 1 1. A 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. C page 29 – exercise 1 1. d 2. b 3. i. 4. a 5. k 6. d 7. h. 8. l 9. j 10. c 11. e 12. g page 30 – exercise 2 a. The inspector saw some objects that the killer had put near Annie’s feet. b. Mrs Richardson, who lived with her grandson, let out other rooms. c. The passage, which was 7-8 metres long, went through the house. d. John Richardson took off one of his boots, which was hurting his toe. e. Annie Chapman, who Mrs Darrell identified later, was talking to a man. f. Jack the Ripper, who was in a dangerous situation, escaped through the streets. g. The attic room that John Davis occupied looked over Hanbury Street. h. The man (who) Mrs Darrel saw was taller than Annie. i. Annie met her friend Amelia Palmer, who gave her two pennies. j. Amelia Palmer, who was Annie’s friend, gave her some money. page 31 – exercise 3 1. was walking down Hanbury Street 2. noticed/saw a man and a woman 3. outside 4. didn’t see the man’s 5. Will you 6. short 7. than the woman 8. dark coat 9. he was over 10. was foreign 2 K E Y T O T H E Life in the East End E X E R C I S E S K E Y T O T H E A. 4 B. 7 C. 1 D. 6 E. 3 F. 2 G. 8 H. 5 g. In your opinion, how did the killer escape? h. Who wrote the message on the wall? i. Why did the killer murder Catherine Eddowes? j. Who is/was the killer, in your opinion? page 45 – exercise 4 page 57 – exercise 5 Open answers. Chapter Three 1. that went into 2. was/is possible (that) 3. was blown out by 4. haven’t/have not seen Liz since page 35 – exercise 1 page 45 – exercise 5 page 61 – exercise 1 A. 6 B. 7 C. 5 D. 3 E. 2 F. 1 G. 4 Open answers. a. Because there was a potato famine in Ireland. b. Germany, Hungary, Russia and Poland. c. A second-hand clothes market. d. It caused a lot of racial tension in the area. e. Because he threatened a woman with a knife. f. He carried knives in the street late at night and disappeared after Annie Chapman’s murder. g. In police custody/at the police station. h. He was a mad, dirty tramp. page 34 – exercise 1 a. T b. F – it was an extremely poor area. c. F – it got worse. d. T e. T f. F – it was often dirty, and in fact it was safer to drink gin or beer. g. F – this was the cost of 2 kilos of stale bread. h. T i. F – they never went there alone. j. T page 43 – exercise 1 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. B page 44 – exercise 2 A a. Constable Smith said (that) he b. c. d. 1. C 2. D 3. D 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. D 9. B 10. C 11. B 12. D page 54 – exercise 1 a. 5 b. 9 c. 2 d. 4 e. 6 f. 1 g. 8 h. 10 i. 3 j. 7 l. 12 k. 11 page 55 – exercise 2 1. badly 2. description 3. appearance 4. darkest 5. assistance 6. examination 7. detective 8. suspicious 9. unusual 10. bloodstained page 70 – exercise 2 a. back/through b. over/up c. down d. back e. for f. through/back g. out h. against i. out/back j. back page 71 – exercise 3 E LAN GU TA ON M D OL ET RE ST IAL CH TE HI W EL AP H H IG ST E TR ES Whitechapel underground station Aa. 4 T HA NB URY STRE ET C ER OW ’S R CK BU ET WH CH ITE L APE AD RO Wood’s Building ET RE COMMERC IAL R D 2 OAD . BERNER ST a. What did you see in Mitre Square b. When/What time did you discover/find the body? c. Where did you find it? d. How did/could you see it? e. How did you feel when you saw the body? f. What did you do then? A. 4 B. 3 C. 5 D. 1 E. 8 F. 6 G. 2 H. extra sentence I. 7 CK page 56 – exercise 4 S page 70 – exercise 1 FOURNIER ST. C 3 E family moved to Wales was killed/died in an explosion Mary did not marry Joe Flemming. decided to live together. At the beginning of 1888 could be noisy and quarrelsome walked out after a quarrel (with Mary). 8. the couple couldn’t pay 9. he had no work and couldn’t give her any money. 10. was there 11. some clothing/clothes. BRI a. brown/short/thin b. badly-lit c. cool/daring d. jolly e. bloodstained S E TRE HANBURY ST Ten Bells I 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. B 1 page 55 – exercise 3 C page 62 – exercise 1 Spitalfields Market MM 3 page 46 – exercise 1 R Chapter Five Immigrants in the East End CO told/said to the policeman. b. ‘I think the murderer hid in Dutfield’s Yard,’ said Inspector Abbeline. c. ‘Her name is Elizabeth Stride, but people call her Long Liz because Long is a nickname for people with the surname Stride,’ said Michael Kidney. d. ‘Do you remember when you noticed the man and the woman, constable?’ asked Inspector Reid. Chapter Four E YS AD BR B a. ‘Follow me,’ Morris Eagle page 44 – exercise 3 X W R’S RO BAKE e. had seen a man and a woman by the school wall opposite the yard. The inspector asked Schwartz if he was sure about the man’s age. The doctor wondered if Mr Diemschutz had disturbed the killer. Louis Diemschutz told his wife to bring him a candle. Michael Kidney said he had seen Liz five days ago. e. ‘Don’t go back into the yard, Louis!’ Mrs Diemschutz told her husband. E 4 E Y T O T H E E X E R C I S E page 73 – exercise 4 Chapter Seven Open answers. page 84 – exercise 1 Chapter Six page 73 – exercise 1 1. never 2. lots of/many 3. any 4. them 5. murders 6. be 7. saw 8. who 9. hat 10. did/could 11. not page 81 – exercise 1 a. T b. F – she did not see his face, but thought he was foreign-looking. c. T d. T e. F – it seems to confirm Hutchinson’s story. f. F – he was probably a solitary man who perhaps worked as a butcher. g. F – he was afraid of becoming like his mother. h. T i. T j. T k. F – it suggests that he knew her well. l. T page 82 – exercise 2 1. D 2. F 3. B 4. E 5. C 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. F 10. E 11. A 12. D page 82 – exercise 3 1. picture 2. witnesses 3. stout 4. muscles 5. moustache 6. dark 7. peak 8. deerstalker 9. butcher 10. professional 11. doctor 12. suspect page 83 – exercise 4 1. T 2. F – it was the first murder of its kind. 3. T 4. F – some writers believe this, although it has not been proved. 5. F – the stories made people even more scared. 6. T 7. F – it was the name for a mysterious man who demanded money from prostitutes. 8. F – he was hunted because he always wore a leather apron for his work (he was a bootmaker) 9. T 10. T page 92 – exercise 1 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. C 5. A page 93 – exercise 2 a. domestic quarrels, drink, or robbery. b. she was killed ferociously. c. they found a leather apron at 29 Hanbury Street. d. for protection/to protect him. e. offered (a reward of) £100 for the arrest of the murderer. f. a letter signed, ‘Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper’ was published (on October 1st ). g. (that) he nearly had a nervous breakdown. B page 93 – exercise 3 page 84 – exercise 1 1. √ 2. has 3. √ 4. an 5. been 6. √ 7. at 8. got 9. √ 10. the 11. √ 12. been Open answers. E X I T S page 94 – exercise 4 2. i 3. b 4. d 5. a 6. e 7. f 8. c 9. h PHOTOCOPIABLE © 2005 Black Cat Publishing K T E S T 1. Can you remember who said or wrote the following (1-10)? Write A, B, C, etc. in the boxes. A Polly Nichols’s father B Catherine Eddowes C Jack the Ripper D Annie Chapman E Inspector Abbeline F Mary Kelly G Joseph Lawende H George Hutchinson I Elizabeth Darrell 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I don’t think I can recognise him again. Catch me if you can. I got the impression he was foreign, but I can’t say why. I am of the opinion his statement is true. I must get some money, or I can’t sleep in my lodgings. I don’t think she had any enemies. She was too good for that. Will you? I hope it will be a fine day tomorrow as I want to go to the Lord Mayor’s Show. About 2.00 a.m. on 9th November I met the murdered woman, Mary Kelly. I’ll take care of myself, and I won’t fall into his hands. 2. Can you remember some words from the footnotes? Write the words for the following definitions. Then check your answers. a. Accommodation for poor, homeless people, who paid for a bed or room. b. Floor (of a building) at street level. c. People forced to leave their country to escape war, persecution or natural disaster. d. A little windy. e. Hair growing between the nose and mouth. f. Ran quickly. g. Mark on the skin caused by injury. 3. Now you write definitions for the following. Then check your answers. a. Slum houses b. Beggars c. Apron d. Jolly e. Kettle f. Damp page 94 – exercise 5 Open answers. © 2005 Black Cat Publishing, an imprint of Cideb Editrice, Genoa, Canterbury 5 KEY TO EXIT TEST 1 1. G 2. C 3. I 4. E 5. D 6. A 7. C 8. F 9. H 10. B 2 a. lodging houses b. ground floor c. refugees d. breezy e. moustache f. rushed g. bruise 3 Possible answers: a. houses in a very poor part of the city. b. Poor people who ask for money for food. c. A piece of cloth worn around the waist to protect the clothes. d. Lively and happy. e. A metal container used to boil water. f. Slightly wet.