Othello Renaissance, Elizabethan Era, & Shakespeare Pre-Assessment 1. 1. Where is the Globe Theatre located? a. Paris b. London c. New York d. Hong Kong William Shakespeare wrote his plays in what language? a. Old English b. French c. Italian d. Modern English 1. Who/what is a “bard”? 1. When the audience knows something about the story that the character does not, this is called… a. Dramatic Irony b. Situational Irony c. Pathetic Fallacy d. Verbal Irony 5. A literary device used to create mood and describe character emotions through the use of weather and nature is… a. Verbal Irony b. Pathetic Fallacy c. Allusion d. Natural Effect 6. Many of the plays written by William Shakespeare have been adapted and reinvented into modern films and tv series. A well known adaptation of one of his plays is… a. The Lion King b. West Side Story c. 10 Things I Hate About You d. She’s the Man Old english Her for se here of East Englum ofer Humbremuþan to Eoforwicceastre on Norþhymbre, ond þær wæs micel ungeþuærnes þære þeode betweox him selfum, ond hie hæfdun hiera cyning aworpenne Osbryht, ond ungecyndne cyning underfengon Ællan; ond hie late on geare to þam gecirdon þæt hie wiþ þone here winnende wærun, ond hie þeah micle fierd gegadrodon, ond þone here sohton æt Eoforwicceastre, ond on þa ceastre bræcon, ond hie sume inne wurdon, ond þær was ungemetlic wæl geslægen Norþanhymbra, sume binnan, sume butan; ond þa cyningas begen ofslægene, ond sio laf wiþ þone here friþ nam. Middle English Whan that Aprille with his shoures soote The droghte of Marche hath perced to the roote, And bathed every veyne in swich licour, Of which vertu engendred is the flour; Whan Zephirus eek with his swete breeth Inspired hath in every holt and heeth The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne Hath in the Ram his halfe cours y-ronne, And smale fowles maken melodye, That slepen al the night with open ye Macbeth IV.i.51-64 I conjure you by that which you profess (Howe’re you come to know it), answer me. Though you untie the winds and let them fight Against the churches, though the yeasty waves Confound and swallow navigation up, Though bladed corn be lodged and trees blown down, Though castles topple on their warders’ heads, Though palaces and pyramids do slope Their heads to their foundations, though the treasure Of nature’s germens tumble all together Even till destruction sicken, answer me To what I ask you. Othello I.ii.20-32 Let him do his spite. My services which I have done the signiory Shall out-tongue his complaints. ‘Tis yet to know (Which, when I know that boasting is an honor, I shall promulgate) I fetch my life and being From men of royal siege, and my demerits May speak unbonneted to as proud a fortune As this that I have reached. For know, Iago, But that I love the gentle Desdemona, I would not my unhousèd free condition Put into circumscription and confine For the sea’s worth. But look, what lights come yond? Elizabethan Era ❏ Named for Queen Elizabeth I and was a time of new ideas and new thinking ❏ A time in which in order to succeed, you had to follow your king and/or queen blindly ❏ Crime and punishment were cruel and violent ❏ Death penalty was not the questions, but rather which form of execution ❏ Executions were public events ❏ The freedom to be an individual was not quite there yet The Renaissance ❏ French word meaning ‘rebirth’ ❏ A period of rebirth from the Dark Ages into a time of enlightenment and progression ❏ Although it was a great time after the 100 Years war, the Black Death, and the Crusades, there was still some trouble ❏ “Enlightenment” because people realized the problems (religious wars, political corruption, inequality) ❏ Scientific discovery (Galileo, Copernicus), exploration (Columbus) ❏ The English Renaissance focused on literature and music Off with his head! ● Queen Elizabeth had a very severe structure of what could and could not be performed to the public. ○ His wit got him patronage from the upper-class, but his work was dedicated to the lower class people that the jokes were about ● Banned on a Puritanical stage (who ruled during 1642-1660) because his plays were so graphic and sexual. ○ LOTS of phallic puns, brutal death scenes, and general sexual content. (Don’t worry, O has plenty of those things.) Shakespeare: GOAT ● During the Restoration Period (18th century), Shakespeare began to take over London’s theatre BECAUSE he was so controversial. ● People wanted to be entertained while also having an outlet to discuss civil rights issues & taboo topics. ● Because of his literary influence, we see many adaptations in both film and literature of his works. The Art & Craft of the Playwright William Shakespeare ❏ Born on April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon England ❏ Was born to a glove maker in an unwealthy family ❏ Believed to have been a school teacher before he began writing ❏ Married Ann Hathaway at the age of 18 and had 3 children ❏ Became a traveling actor before writing and presenting Henry VI: Part II ❏ Later donned the titled of “The Bard” and is respected as one of the greatest playwrights in history ❏ Hamlet is believed to be his greatest work Words we can thank Shakespeare for! ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Addiction Arch-villain Assassination Bedazzled Belongings Cold-blooded Dishearten Eventful Eyeball Fashionable ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Hot-blooded Inaudible Manager Multitudinous Pageantry Scuffle Swagger Uncomfortable Critic Bandit ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Dwindle Elbow (verb) Lackluster Lonely Unaware Undress Unreal In your experience, have you enjoyed Shakespeare’s work? Why or why not? Othello, the Moor of Venice ● Was written during Shakespeare’s great tragic period ○ Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra ● Takes place during the wars between Venice and Turkey and is set in Cyprus, a Venetian outpost. ● Derived from a story about a general that is deceived by his ensign into believing his wife is unfaithful. ● The story takes place over the course of just a few days. ● Othello considered Shakespeare’s most exciting and interesting story. Othello cont. ● Plot is concerned with one of the strangest and most distressing of human emotions- jealousy ○ This is what makes the plot powerful and relatable ● Other themes depicted through emotions: ○ Duplicity & deception: “double-dealing” or lying ○ Love & marriage ○ Distrust of women (especially when it comes to sexuality) ○ Race: Othello’s exact race is a little unclear. ■ “moor”=inhabitants of North Africa, Southern Africa, “brunette or darker than average Europeans” Why do people feel and act the way they do? ● Feelings can be broken down into two things: ○ Sensations- felt through our physical senses ○ Emotions- do these come from our outside environment or our internal bodily changes? ● Characters will act in certain ways because of their emotions and will appear as if they cannot control themselves. ○ However, does being overcome by emotion excuse irrational behavior? Who’s who? Brabantio: significant political figure in Venice Othello: General of the Venetian army Cassio: second in command to Othello Iago: also part of the Venetian army, no title Roderigo: in love with Desdemona Desdemona: loyal and honest Emilia: very loyal to her husband, Iago Bianca: “lady of the night” Assignment: Create a visual depiction of the notes using images and colors to depict the information that you’ve learned so far.