Uploaded by Taelor Rye

3. Othello Intro

advertisement
Othello
Renaissance, Elizabethan Era, & Shakespeare
Pre-Assessment
1.
1.
Where is the Globe Theatre located?
a. Paris
b. London
c. New York
d. Hong Kong
William Shakespeare wrote his plays in what
language?
a. Old English
b. French
c. Italian
d. Modern English
1.
Who/what is a “bard”?
1.
When the audience knows something about the
story that the character does not, this is called…
a. Dramatic Irony
b. Situational Irony
c. Pathetic Fallacy
d.
Verbal Irony
5. A literary device used to create mood and describe
character emotions through the use of weather and
nature is…
a.
Verbal Irony
b.
Pathetic Fallacy
c.
Allusion
d.
Natural Effect
6. Many of the plays written by William Shakespeare
have been adapted and reinvented into modern films
and tv series. A well known adaptation of one of his
plays is…
a.
The Lion King
b.
West Side Story
c.
10 Things I Hate About You
d.
She’s the Man
Old english
Her for se here of East Englum ofer
Humbremuþan to Eoforwicceastre on
Norþhymbre, ond þær wæs micel ungeþuærnes
þære þeode betweox him selfum, ond hie hæfdun
hiera cyning aworpenne Osbryht, ond ungecyndne
cyning underfengon Ællan; ond hie late on geare
to þam gecirdon þæt hie wiþ þone here winnende
wærun, ond hie þeah micle fierd gegadrodon, ond
þone here sohton æt Eoforwicceastre, ond on þa
ceastre bræcon, ond hie sume inne wurdon, ond
þær was ungemetlic wæl geslægen
Norþanhymbra, sume binnan, sume butan; ond þa
cyningas begen ofslægene, ond sio laf wiþ þone
here friþ nam.
Middle English
Whan that Aprille with his shoures soote
The droghte of Marche hath perced to the roote,
And bathed every veyne in swich licour,
Of which vertu engendred is the flour;
Whan Zephirus eek with his swete breeth
Inspired hath in every holt and heeth
The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne
Hath in the Ram his halfe cours y-ronne,
And smale fowles maken melodye,
That slepen al the night with open ye
Macbeth IV.i.51-64
I conjure you by that which you profess
(Howe’re you come to know it), answer me.
Though you untie the winds and let them fight
Against the churches, though the yeasty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up,
Though bladed corn be lodged and trees
blown down,
Though castles topple on their warders’ heads,
Though palaces and pyramids do slope
Their heads to their foundations, though the
treasure
Of nature’s germens tumble all together
Even till destruction sicken, answer me
To what I ask you.
Othello I.ii.20-32
Let him do his spite.
My services which I have done the signiory
Shall out-tongue his complaints. ‘Tis yet to know
(Which, when I know that boasting is an honor,
I shall promulgate) I fetch my life and being
From men of royal siege, and my demerits
May speak unbonneted to as proud a fortune
As this that I have reached. For know, Iago,
But that I love the gentle Desdemona,
I would not my unhousèd free condition
Put into circumscription and confine
For the sea’s worth. But look, what lights come
yond?
Elizabethan Era
❏ Named for Queen Elizabeth I and was a time of new ideas
and new thinking
❏ A time in which in order to succeed, you had to follow
your king and/or queen blindly
❏ Crime and punishment were cruel and violent
❏ Death penalty was not the questions, but rather which form of
execution
❏ Executions were public events
❏ The freedom to be an individual was not quite there yet
The Renaissance
❏ French word meaning ‘rebirth’
❏ A period of rebirth from the Dark Ages into a time of enlightenment
and progression
❏ Although it was a great time after the 100 Years war, the
Black Death, and the Crusades, there was still some
trouble
❏ “Enlightenment” because people realized the problems
(religious wars, political corruption, inequality)
❏ Scientific discovery (Galileo, Copernicus), exploration
(Columbus)
❏ The English Renaissance focused on literature and music
Off with his head!
●
Queen Elizabeth had a very severe structure of what could and
could not be performed to the public.
○
His wit got him patronage from the upper-class, but his work
was dedicated to the lower class people that the jokes were
about
●
Banned on a Puritanical stage (who ruled during 1642-1660)
because his plays were so graphic and sexual.
○
LOTS of phallic puns, brutal death scenes, and general
sexual content. (Don’t worry, O has plenty of those things.)
Shakespeare: GOAT
● During the Restoration Period (18th century), Shakespeare
began to take over London’s theatre BECAUSE he was so
controversial.
● People wanted to be entertained while also having an
outlet to discuss civil rights issues & taboo topics.
● Because of his literary influence, we see many
adaptations in both film and literature of his works.
The Art & Craft of the Playwright
William Shakespeare
❏ Born on April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon England
❏ Was born to a glove maker in an unwealthy family
❏ Believed to have been a school teacher before he began writing
❏ Married Ann Hathaway at the age of 18 and had 3 children
❏ Became a traveling actor before writing and presenting Henry VI: Part II
❏ Later donned the titled of “The Bard” and is respected as one of the
greatest playwrights in history
❏ Hamlet is believed to be his greatest work
Words we can thank Shakespeare for!
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Addiction
Arch-villain
Assassination
Bedazzled
Belongings
Cold-blooded
Dishearten
Eventful
Eyeball
Fashionable
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Hot-blooded
Inaudible
Manager
Multitudinous
Pageantry
Scuffle
Swagger
Uncomfortable
Critic
Bandit
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Dwindle
Elbow (verb)
Lackluster
Lonely
Unaware
Undress
Unreal
In your experience, have you
enjoyed Shakespeare’s
work?
Why or why not?
Othello, the Moor of Venice
● Was written during Shakespeare’s great tragic period
○
Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra
● Takes place during the wars between Venice and Turkey and
is set in Cyprus, a Venetian outpost.
● Derived from a story about a general that is deceived by
his ensign into believing his wife is unfaithful.
● The story takes place over the course of just a few days.
● Othello considered Shakespeare’s most exciting and
interesting story.
Othello cont.
● Plot is concerned with one of the strangest and most
distressing of human emotions- jealousy
○
This is what makes the plot powerful and relatable
● Other themes depicted through emotions:
○
Duplicity & deception: “double-dealing” or lying
○
Love & marriage
○
Distrust of women (especially when it comes to sexuality)
○
Race: Othello’s exact race is a little unclear.
■
“moor”=inhabitants of North Africa, Southern Africa, “brunette or darker
than average Europeans”
Why do people feel and act the way they do?
● Feelings can be broken down into two things:
○
Sensations- felt through our physical senses
○
Emotions- do these come from our outside environment or our
internal bodily changes?
● Characters will act in certain ways because of their
emotions and will appear as if they cannot control
themselves.
○
However, does being overcome by emotion excuse irrational
behavior?
Who’s who?
Brabantio: significant political figure in Venice
Othello: General of the Venetian army
Cassio: second in command to Othello
Iago: also part of the Venetian army, no title
Roderigo: in love with Desdemona
Desdemona: loyal and honest
Emilia: very loyal to her husband, Iago
Bianca: “lady of the night”
Assignment: Create a visual depiction of the notes using images and
colors to depict the information that you’ve learned so far.
Download