# Problem 1-5 cost

```Problem 1: Consider the following account balance for ABC manufacturing company in the year 2004.
Beginning balance
End balance
Direct material inventory
\$22,000
\$26,000
WIP inventory
21,000
20,000
Finished goods inventory
18,000
23,000
Purchase of direct material
75,000
Direct labor cost
25,000
Indirect labor cost
15,000
Plant insurance
4,000
5,000
Depreciation - plant building and equipment
9,000
3,000
Repair and maintenance – factory equipment
4,000
Marketing, distribution and customer service cost
93,000
29,000
Required
a) Calculate cost of direct material used
b) Calculate cost of goods manufactured
c) Calculate cost of goods sold
d) If revenue for the year is \$300, 000, prepare income statement for the Company.
Problem 2.Fortunately certain accounting records were kept in another building. It revealed the
following for the period from january1, 2004 to January 29, 2004.
Direct material purchased
\$160,000
WIP January1
34,000
Direct material january1, 2004
16,000
Finished goods january1, 2004
30,000
MOH cost
40% of conversion cost
Revenue
500,000
Direct labor cost
180,000
Prime cost
294,000
Gross profit based on sales
20%
Cost of goods available for sale
450,000
Requirements
a. Direct material destroyed
b. Cost of goods manufactured
c. Finished goods destroyed
d. WIP destroyed
Problem 3: The cost department of Randall manufacturing company collected the following cost data
for financial statement presentation for the year ended on December31, 2005.
Inventories
January1,2005
Direct material
\$34,500
Work in process
\$ 81,500
December31,2005
\$49,300
\$42,000
Units of Finished goods
300unit
420 units
Cost of Finished goods
\$48,600
?
 Sales during the year are 3,880 units at \$220 per unit
 Direct material purchased ------- \$364,000
 Prime cost
-------------\$511,700
 MOH cost -------------------48% of conversion cost
 Operating expense ---------------- 50%of gross profit
 All units in the ending finished goods inventory are from current period production.
Requirements:
Compute the following based on the above information.
1. Cost of direct material used
2. Units of goods manufactured
3. Cost of goods manufactured
4. Cost of goods sold
5. Operating income
Problem 3: ABC Electronics Company has two departments to manufacture computers,
Assembly and testing departments. First component parts are assembled in assembly department
and then transferred out to testing department. Direct materials are added some where in between
the assembly process but conversion costs are added evenly through out the assembly process.
The company uses process costing system. The following data are for the month of January for
assembly department.
Physical units
Beginning WIP
400
Started in the month
2,500
Completed units
2,300
Direct material
\$2,484,000
16,100,000
Conversion cost
\$464,000
6,960,000
There are 200 spoiled units 50% of which is abnormal
Degree of completion –Beginning WIP
 Direct material (90% complete)
 Conversion cost (40% complete)
 Degree of completion –Ending WIP
 Direct material (60% complete)
 Conversion cost (30% complete)
Requirements: Under FIFO method
a) Summarize the flow of physical units
b) Compute equivalent unit in terms of each cost
c) Compute cost per equivalent unit
d) Assign the cost to units completed and WIP ending
e) Pass the necessary journal entries


Problem 4: The following data pertain to Milan tire and Rubber Company for the month of May.
WIP may1 (units)
Units started during may
Total units to account for
Units completed and transferred out
WIP may 31 ( in units)
Total equivalent units: Direct material
Total equivalent units: Conversion cost
WIP may 1:Direct material
WIP may 1:Conversion cost
Cost incurred during may: Direct material
Cost incurred during may: Conversion cost
WIP may1;Total cost
Cost per equivalent: Direct material
Cost per equivalent: Conversion
Total cost per equivalent unit
?
60,000
75,000
?
10,000
75,000
?
Br 135,000
?
?
Br 832,250
Br 172,500
Br 9.4
?
Br 21.65
 Direct material and conversion activities occurs uniformly through out the process
 Milan uses weighted average process costing
 The may 1 WIP was 100% complete for direct material and 20% complete for conversion
cost
Required:
Prepare production report for the month of May, the report should show
1. Units to account for ,units accounted for and percentage of completion
2. Equivalent unit of production
3. Total cost to account for
4. Cost per equivalent
Cost of completed and transferred out and cost of ending WIP inventory
```
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