Name: Date: SOL 6th Grade Review Quiz ______1. Galileo developed the idea that the sun is the center of the solar system also called the heliocentric model. All the planets in our solar system orbit the sun at different times. How long does it take for Earth to revolve around the sun? ______4. Earth’s energy budget determines how much of the sun’s radiation we receive and how it is used on Earth in this graph below how much radiated heat is being absorbed by the land and oceans? A. 24 hours B. 28 days C. 365 days D. 1 day ______2. 71% of Earth’s surface is covered with water. Out of that 71%, 97 percent is salt water and 3% is fresh water. Most of Earth’s fresh water is frozen in ice caps glaciers and surface water only makes up 1%. In Virginia our large, main watershed known as: A. North Carolina Sound B. Chesapeake Bay C. Gulf of Mexico D. Mississippi River ______3. Water has many properties. It can dissolve many substances by attract both negative and positive charges. H2O is made up of one large oxygen atom and two small hydrogen atoms. What property of water allows it to stick to itself? A. Cohesion B. Polarity C. Universal Solven A. B. C. D. 3% 51% 10% 100% _____5. The greenhouse effect shows how gases can be trapped in Earth’s atmosphere and heat the earth. Earth’s atmosphere is composed of 4 layers. Which layer is closest to Earth and is responsible for weather? A. Thermosphere B. Stratosphere C. Mesosphere D. Troposphere Name: Date: ____6. The moon has 8 phases and orbits around earth in a lunar cycle that takes approximately 1 month. What phase of the moo do we see when the back side of the moon is NOT lit? A. Full Moon B. Waning Gibbous C. Waxing Crescent D. New Moon ____7. In Virginia we live in a Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome. Which of the following Biomes is characterized by hot temperatures, small amounts of precipitation (water), and little to no vegetation (plants). A. Tundra B. Wetlands C. Desert D. Rainforest True or False ____ 8. Low pressure weather systems are responsible for fair, sunny weather. ____9. The comparison used in the experiment is known as the control. ____10. Conduction is the transfer of heat energy through liquids and gases. ____11. Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon on the waters of Earth’s surface. ____12. Earth’s rotation on its axis takes 24 hours. ____13. Methane is a harmful gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect. ____14. Only one factor can be tested in a valid experiment. ____15.