Baptism Water Used by all variants of Christianity Cleansing of sin is linked to salvation Poured, sprinkled or immersed in “the name of the father, Son, and Holy spirit” – trinity Catholics o Believe it cleanes original sin – salvation o Poured three times to symbolise Trinity o Water is blessed at the Easter Vigil – reflects the death, resurrection and ascension of Christ White garments The white garment shows that the newly baptised now ‘wear’ Christ and have risen with him – the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus The garments show that they are unstained by sin. The garment also represents Salvation and is replicated as the white pall covering a casket in a funeral liturgy Baptismal Candle Catholic and Orthodox o Candle is lit from the Easter candle, which represents the risen Christ. o They are to be Christ light to the world and are filled now with the holy spirit This links to the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ. It also shows the divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ Shows the nature of God and the Trinity. Sign of the Cross Catholic and Orthodox o This action recall’s Christ’s death and the redemption that it brought. o This links to the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus. o The redemptive reminder links to the salvation instituted by Christ. o The action is a reminder of the Trinity. Chrism Oil Catholic and Orthodox o Oil of Chrism – is perfumed oil to signify the Holy Spirit, linking it to the Trinity o This action means the person is forever a member of the Christ – Salvation o Oil of Catechumens – is an oil used during the exorcism prayer where they are called to renounce sin – links to Salvation Liturgy of the Word Catholics and Orthodox Proclaiming the Word of God – those gathered are filled with Holy Spirit through the revealed truth of the scriptures. Links to Revelation – God’s word and plan are made known to those gathered. Links to Trinity – the Holy spirit inspired the Gospel writers. Believe it cleanses original sin – salvation Poured three times to symbolise Trinity Water is blessed at the Easter Vigil – reflects the death, resurrection and ascension of Christ Individual A public statement of the believer’s commitment to Christianity and it beliefs Initiates them into the whole Christian life Introduces them t life guided by the holy spirit Gives them access to any other rites or sacraments offered by their particular church. Frees them from sin and allows them to be born in Christ Makes them members of Christ and are incorporated into the Church and share in its mission Community The Christian community is aware that Baptism is the sacrament of faith and helps the individuals’ faith to grow In many churches eg. Roman Catholic church, the entire Christian community renew their Baptismal promises in the form of the form of a recital of the creed, or during the Easter liturgy Growth of the Christian community through the newly initiated members The entire Christian community bears some responsibility for the faith life of the newly baptised Christian o That is why many Christian churches insist that announcements of impending baptisms, and the actual rite of baptism take place during official Sunday worship, when the whole Christian community is gathered.