AP Human Geography Chapter 9 Urban Geography Name: _________________________ 1. Which term refers to the built up space of the central city and suburbs? A. agglomeration B. society C. agricultural village D. urban E. liberalization 7. Functional zonation A. describes the division of a city into certain regions for certain purposes. B. is reflected in the cultural landscape. C. helps us understand how cities formed. D. helps us understand the interplay between cities and globalization. E. All of the above. 2. Which two components enabled cities to stabilize and grow? A. a comprehensive road network and climate change B. religion and climate change C. religion and technology D. an agricultural surplus and technology E. an agricultural surplus and social stratification 8. are unplanned developments of crude shelters that often develop around cities. A. Shantytowns B. Suburbs C. Zones of maturity D. Gentrifications E. Megacities 3. The locations of the six urban hearths are tied closely to A. the location of tropical climates. B. the location of large inland lakes. C. the hearths of agriculture. D. the hearths of capitalism. E. None of the above. 4. When the Roman Empire dissolved, Rome’s not. A. site, population B. site, situation C. situation, population D. situation, site E. situation, location 5. A. B. C. D. E. changed, but its did is an example of a primate city. Casablanca New York Paris Berlin Sydney 6. Settlement patterns in the American Midwest A. refute Central Place Theory. B. support Central Place Theory. C. suggest that Central Place Theory does not apply to non-European areas. D. suggest that Central Place Theory only works in China. E. suggest that cities are only built along seacoasts. 9. function at the global scale, beyond the reach of state borders, functioning as the service centers of the world economy. A. Airports B. Canals C. Multinational corporations D. World cities E. Kingdoms 10) The layout of a city, the physical form and structure, is referred to as a) urban morphology. b) urban grid. c) city plan. d) urban street pattern. 11) Which of the following countries is least urbanized? a) the United States b) Australia c) Japan d) China 12). Human communities have existed for 100,000 years, but some did not start to grow into larger places until about _______ years ago. a) 5,000 b) 8,000 c) 10,000 d) 15,000 13) The very early developing agricultural societies were a) divided according to amount of land possessed. b) ruled by an elite. c) egalitarian. d) dominated by larger urban centers. 14). Where did the first urban development originate? a) Southeast Asia b) Southwest Asia c) North Africa d) Western Europe 15) The least urbanized world region is a) South America b) North America c) Subsaharan Africa d) Australia 16) What structures dominated the urban landscape of the ancient Mesopotamian cities? a) temples b) multiple dwellings c) business buildings d) educational institutions 17) In which of the following regions did urbanization develop first? a) Mesopotamia b) Nile River Valley c) Indus River Valley d) China 18) Which feature was present in the Nile River Valley hearth? a) tombs b) pyramids c) statues d) all of the above 19). Urban places in the ancient world were a) numerous and hierarchical. b) exceptions in an overwhelmingly rural society. c) part of a generally urban society. d) more common than today. 20) Rome created a huge urban system. The integration of the Roman Empire was greatly facilitated by a a) transportation system. c) good postal system. b) lack of different languages. d) lack of foreign enemies. 21) Expanding on the Greek city’s theater, the Romans built the world’s first a) opera house. b) stadium. c). lighthouse d) acropolis. 22) The relative location of a city refers to its a) site. . c) genealogy of development. b) situation d) approximate latitude and longitude. 23) The manufacturing city (post Industrial Revolution) first emerged in a) the British Midlands. c) the French coastal region. b) central Italy. d) the Ruhr. 24) Which is not related to urbanization processes of the second urban revolution? a) urbanization of society b) second agricultural revolution c) energy resources (water power, coal) as a site feature d) cities as theocratic centers 25). In a model urban hierarchy, the population of a city, town or village is inversely proportional to its rank in the system (i.e. if the largest city is 4 million the second will be 2 million or 1/2, the third will be 1/3 and so on). This is known as __ a) central place theory. c) trade area ordering. b) rank-size rule. d) a statistical coincidence. 26) A hinterland reveals the _________ of each settlement. a) total population c) economic reach b) working population d) aggregate purchasing power 27) Paris and Mexico City are many times larger than the second-ranked city in their respective countries. Their disproportionate size illustrates a) the concept of the primate city. b) the fact that capital cities are always very large. c) the rank-size rule. d) the effects of suburbanization. 28) The response of the urban system of the American South and Southwest to the influx of migrants over the past three decades conforms to predictions of central place theory. This is called the ________ phenomenon. a) hexagonal b) rank-size reordering c) Sunbelt d) central place 29) In Burgess’ concentric zone model, the zone of transition became a) a suburb. b) deteriorated with more business encroachment. c) a working class area. d) a gentrified upscale new urban neighborhood. 30) Peter Muller’s analysis of suburbanization indicated that suburbs were a) losing their appeal to home buyers. b) primarily “bedroom suburbs” with only a residential function. c) evolving into a self-sufficient urban entity with its own economic and cultural components. d) becoming a smaller proportion of the total American population. 31) The multiple nuclei model of urban structure developed by Harris and Ullman arose from the idea that _______ was losing its dominant position in the metropolitan city. a) the CBD b) the inner city c) public transportation d) the suburb 32) The core of a city is called the a) central city. b) exurb. c) urban zone. d) central business district (CBD). 33) After 1970, new suburban downtowns (edge cities) were spawned in the outer city of Los Angeles, with their leading concentrations a) near key freeway intersections. b) along the coast. c) near hubs of public transportation. d) at the approaches to key bridges.