New Kingdom The ancient Egyptian history is divided into 3 time phases, namely the old kingdom, the middle kingdom and the new kingdom. The Old Kingdom existed from the period 2700 BCE to 2200 BCE. The Pharaohs had the complete control over the kingdom. The Pharaohs constructed many pyramids, which were paid for with money from the treasury. The Pharaohs were worshipped as the God's representatives on Earth. The capital of this kingdom was at Memphis, where the upper and lower Nile joined together. The Middle Kingdom lasted period from 2100 BCE to 1800 BCE. During this period, trade was the major activity and it was very prosperous. In the middle ages, the Egyptians strengthened their military strength. There was significant growth in the areas of arts, science, and literature with respect to the old kingdom. Pharaohs, in this period, were not buried in pyramids any longer; instead they were buried in the hidden tombs. The capital of the middle ages was at Thebes. The New Kingdom existed from the period 1500 BCE to 1000 BCE and it included the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties. A lot of new items were introduced into the country during this time. These included items such as the horse, chariots, and bronze weapons. The Kings, in the new ages, were buried in the Valley of the Kings and the construction of the pyramids stopped in this period. In this period, two types of temples were constructed, namely cult temples and mortuary temples. Cult temples were popularly known as “mansions of the gods” and mortuary temples (where the dead pharaohs were worshiped) were known as “mansions of millions of years”. The Egyptians migrated beyond their borders in search of other areas; for example, they went to Nubia and modern day Israel. This period in the new age is considered a highly prosperous time period in the history of new Egypt. Egypt, in the new age, also reached the peak of its power during this time.