atomic theory & structure quiz

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A
Atomic Theory and Structure Quiz
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. On the scantron sheet do the
following: in the subject line, put “My Favorite Class” and in the period line put, “The Smartest.”
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1. Dalton incorporated the law of conservation of mass into his atomic theory by asserting that
a. matter is composed of atoms.
b. atoms can be destroyed in chemical reactions.
c. atoms are indivisible.
2. Oxygen can combine with carbon to form two compounds, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
The ratio of the masses of oxygen that combine with a given mass of carbon is 1:2. This is an
example of
a. the law of multiple proportions.
b. the law of conservation of energy.
c. Dalton's atomic theory.
3. According to the law of definite proportions, any two samples of KCl have
a. slightly different molecular structures.
b. the same melting point.
c. the same ratio of elements.
4. Dalton's atomic theory agrees with modern atomic theory except for the statement that
a. atoms are not divided in chemical reactions.
b. all atoms of the same element have the same mass.
c. atoms of the same element are chemically alike.
5. Which of the following statements is true according to modern atomic theory?
a. Atoms can never combine with any other atoms.
b. Atoms may be divided in ordinary chemical reactions.
c. Atoms of the same element may have different masses.
6. Experiments with cathode rays led to the discovery of the
a. proton.
b. neutron.
c. electron.
7. Whose series of experiments identified the nucleus of the atom?
a. Bohr
b. Rutherford
c. Dalton
8. In Rutherford's experiments, most of the particles
a. were absorbed by the foil.
b. passed through the foil.
c. combined with the foil.
9. Because a few alpha particles bounced back from the foil, Rutherford concluded that they were
a. striking electrons.
b. repelled by densely packed regions of positive charge.
c. magnetic.
10. An atom is electrically neutral because
a. the numbers of protons and neutrons are equal.
b. the numbers of protons and electrons are equal.
c. neutrons balance the protons and electrons.
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11. The smallest unit of an element that can exist either alone or in combination with other such particles
of the same or different elements is the
a. proton.
b. neutron.
c. atom.
12. Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different
a. numbers of protons.
b. masses.
c. numbers of electrons.
13. The atomic number of oxygen, 8, indicates that there are eight
a. protons in the nucleus of an oxygen atom.
b. neutrons outside the oxygen atom's nucleus.
c. energy levels in the oxygen atom's nucleus.
14. The total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is its
a. average atomic mass.
b. Avogadro number.
c. mass number.
15. The atomic mass of an element listed in the periodic table is the
a. average atomic mass.
b. relative atomic mass of the most abundant radioactive isotope.
c. mass number of the least abundant isotope.
16. An aluminum isotope consists of 13 protons, 13 electrons, and 14 neutrons. Its mass number is
a. 27.
b. 13.
c. 40.
17. Chlorine has atomic number 17 and mass number 35. It has
a. 35 protons, 35 electrons, and 17 neutrons.
b. 18 protons, 18 electrons, and 17 neutrons.
c. 17 protons, 17 electrons, and 18 neutrons.
18. Carbon-14 (atomic number 6), the radioactive nuclide used in dating fossils, has
a. 10 neutrons.
b. 14 neutrons.
c. 8 neutrons.
19. Neon-22 contains 12 neutrons. It also contains
a. 12 protons.
b. 10 protons.
c. 22 electrons.
20. As it travels through space, electromagnetic radiation
a. loses energy.
b. exhibits wavelike behavior.
c. releases photons.
21. The distance between two successive peaks on adjacent waves is its
a. wavelength.
b. velocity.
c. quantum number.
22. Max Planck proposed that a hot object radiated energy in small, specific amounts called
a. waves.
b. quanta.
c. electrons.
23. According to the Bohr model of the atom, the single electron of a hydrogen atom circles the nucleus
a. in specific, allowed orbits.
b. in one fixed orbit at all times.
c. at any of an infinite number of distances, depending on its energy.
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24. According to Bohr, electrons cannot reside at ____ in the figure below.
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a. point B
b. point D
c. point C
Louis de Broglie's research suggested that
a. electron waves exist at random frequencies.
b. electrons should be considered as waves confined to the space around an atomic
nucleus.
c. electrons usually behave like particles and rarely like waves.
The region outside the nucleus where an electron can most probably be found is the
a. electron cloud.
b. s sublevel.
c. electron configuration.
Both the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the Schrödinger wave equation
a. led to the concept of atomic orbitals.
b. are based on Bohr's theory.
c. led to locating an electron in an atom.
A three-dimensional region around a nucleus where an electron may be found is called a(n)
a. orbital.
b. electron path.
c. spectral line.
According to the quantum theory of an atom, in an orbital
a. electrons travel around the nucleus on paths of specific radii.
b. an electron's position cannot be known precisely.
c. electrons cannot be found.
The main energy level that can hold only two electrons is the
a. second.
b. first.
c. third.
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