Microsoft Word - Lewis Worksheet

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Chemical Bonds – Ionic Bonds
1. Identify the Number of Valance Electrons and Draw the Lewis Dot Structure
Notes: Scientists use Lewis Dot Structures to show the valance electrons of an element as dots. Since bonding
involves the valance shell electrons only, it is only necessary to illustrate those outer electrons.
Element
P-Table Group
Number
Calcium
2A
Carbon
Hydrogen
Helium
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Aluminum
# of Valance
Electrons
2
Lewis Dot Structure
Ca
Notes: Remember that Metals tend to lose their electrons, falling back to their inner octet, becoming smaller,
forming positive “cations”. Nonmetals tend to gain electrons, filling up their current energy levels, becoming larger,
forming negative “anions”. Complete the chart below.
Element
Lewis Dot
# of Valance e-
Gain/Lose ___ e-
Chemical Symbol
Na
Na
1
L1
Na+
Be
Cl
S
Al
Ne
K
N
O
Ca
P
B
Mg
Lewis Dot, Formula Unit & Naming Practice Sheet
Notes:
1. An ionic bond is an attraction of a cation for an anion resulting from the transfer of electrons. Remember, the
smaller nonmetals are more electronegative and pull the electrons close, away from the larger, less
electronegative metals.
2. When naming ionic compounds, the Metal is named first, followed by the nonmetal with an –ide ending. Ex.
Sodium Fluorine becomes Sodium Fluoride.
3. Formula Unit: Lowest whole number ratio of elements in the compound. Ex. Ca3N2
Steps for Ionic Lewis Dot Structures
1. Draw the Lewis Structure for Mg & Cl
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Formula Unit: _________
6.
Name of Compound:
2. Draw the Lewis Structure for K & F
3. Draw the Lewis Structure for K & O
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
Name of Compound:
4. Draw the Lewis Structure for Be & N
5. Draw the Lewis Structure for Ca & P
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
Name of Compound:
6. Draw the Lewis Structure for Al & F
7. Draw the Lewis Structure for Ca & I
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
8. Draw the Lewis Structure for Rb & O
Name of Compound:
9. Draw the Lewis Structure for Sr & F
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
10. Draw the Lewis Structure for Al & Cl
Name of Compound:
11. Draw the Lewis Structure for Mg & P
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
12. Draw the Lewis Structure for B & O
Name of Compound:
13. Draw the Lewis Structure for Be & S
Formula Unit: _________
Formula Unit: _________
Name of Compound:
Name of Compound:
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