# earthquake sim lab

```Science 20
Name: ____________________________________
Partner: __________________________________
Simulation Lab: ANALYZING EARTHQUAKES
Using the information, animations and simulation found on the link
http://content.blackgold.ca/ict/Division4/Science/Div.%204/cha
ngingearth/chapter2.htm
MARKS WILL BE AWARDED FOR INFORMATION THAT IS DIRECTLY
COPIED FROM THE INTERNET.
QUESTIONS
1. Define subduction Draw a simple diagram that demonstrates
subduction.
2. What are the 3 types of waves shown on a seismograph? Explain
each type and provide a diagram to demonstrate the lines.
3. Which wave hits the station first? Which hits the station second?
Which is the last to hit the station?
Science 20
Name: ____________________________________
Partner: __________________________________
4. Briefly describe how a tsunami develops (3 major steps).
5. Define the following:
 Seismogram:
 Seismograph:
 Focus:
 Epicenter:
 What is an Earthquake?
 What causes an Earthquake?
Science 20
Name: ____________________________________
Partner: __________________________________
 Where do Earthquakes happen?
7. Find an image of the seismograph. Label the P wave, the S waves,
the S-P interval and the amplitude of one of the waves.
8. Copy down the times you found for each station:
Station A:
Station B:
Station C:
9. Copy down the distances you found from the S-P graph:
Station A:
Station B:
Station C:
10. What is the Richter scale?
11. What does the magnitude of an Earthquake tell you?
Science 20
Name: ____________________________________
Partner: __________________________________
12. By what factor does the scale increase? How many times bigger is
a 7.0 than a 5.0 on the Richter scale?
13. Copy down the amplitudes you found for each station:
Station A:
Station B:
Station C:
14. Based on your data, what magnitude of Earthquake do you
predict? Compare this to the actual Earthquake data. Where was the
Earthquake location?
```