Evidence of Evolution Evidence: information from observations and experiments Fossil Evidence • Locations of many fossils are evidence that two species with a common ancestor can develop differently in different locations. • Example: Scientists have compared modern algae and plants to fossil algae. All share a common ancestor. Biological Evidence Similarities in Structure • Vestigial organs= structures that were used in ancestors but are unused in modern species. Example: appendix in humans, hind limb bones in whales. • Similar bones in the flipper of a manatee, wing of bat, and leg of gecko. More biological evidence… Similarities in development • Animals of very different species are very similar as embryos. It isn’t until later in development that different characteristics develop. Genes that control this similarity were inherited from a common ancestor. Genetic Evidence • Scientists can tell how closely related organisms are by comparing their DNA. • Example: Almost all genes found in mice are found in humans. • Similar DNA in very different species is strong evidence of common ancestors.