Hypoparathyroidism By: Shadia Chowdhury Period 8 Link Parathyroid Hormone When blood calcium levels decrease he parathyroid glands make more PTH causes the body to release more calcium into the blood. Produced in the parathyroid glands Targets: Bones, Kidneys, Small Intestines Regulates blood calcium levels by adjusting level of PTH released, which helps maintain homeostasis Causes Caused by hyposecretion of PTH - Hyposecretion of PTH Caused by: Post-surgical complications of damage to parathyroid glands Autoimmune disease Hereditary hypoparathyroidism, Extensive cancer radiation treatment of your face or neck, Low levels of magnesium in your blood Symptoms ● ● ● paresthesia in fingertips, toes and lips Muscle aches or cramps in legs, feet, abdomen or face Twitching or spasms of muscles, particularly around the mouth, as well as hands, arms and throat ● ● Fatigue or weakness Painful menstruation Patchy hair loss ● Dry, coarse skin ● ● ● Brittle nails Depression or anxiety Treatment ● Oral calcium carbonate tablets. ● Vitamin D. ● Parathyroid hormone (Natpara). ● Changes in diet: increased calcium intake, decreased phosphorus intake ● IV doses of calcium Works Cited “Hypoparathyroidism.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 23 Aug. 2018, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypoparathyroidism/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20355381. “Hypoparathyroidism: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000385.htm. “Hypoparathyroidism.” NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders), rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/hypoparathyroidism/.