PART I (30 Points). Mark the correct statement by “T” and the wrong statement by “F”. A false statement should be corrected otherwise it will not be graded as a correct answer. 1- ( F ) During the evaluation of alternatives, it frequently is desirable to select two solutions: (1) The ideal solution, (2) the one that is preferred for immediate use. 2- ( T) To improve a process, we may reduce the numbers of storage activities in the process chart, if it is possible. 3- ( F ) According to the principles of motion economy, where each finger performs some specific movement, such as in typewriting, the load should be distributed equally among the fingers. 4- ( F) Simo charts can be either man type or material type. Moreover, a combination of both types can not be used. 5- ( T) Time study should be repeated, when any changes in the work method is done to improve it. 6- ( T ) Method and Time study aims at increasing the productivity, and developing the better methods to perform a specific task. 7- ( F) If a time standard is to be established on a new job. The supervisor should see that the operator has thoroughly learned the job and that he/she is following the prescribed method. The supervisor should not inform the operator in advance that a time study is to be made. 8- ( F) According to the principles of motion economy, hand and body motions should be confined to the highest classification with which it is possible to perform the work satisfactorily. 9- ( F) According to the principles of motion economy, eye fixations should be as much and as close together as possible. 10- ( T) According to the principles of motion economy, the hands should be relieved of all works that can be done more advantageously by a jig, or a foot-operated device. 11- ( F) There are two methods of reading a stopwatch during time study are: a) Continuous timing, and b) Repetitive timing. 12- ( T) The process chart, flow diagram, activity chart, man and machine chart, operation chart, and simo chart are merely tools to be used as needed in method study. 13- ( F) Simo chart can be used in process analysis. 14- ( F) Assembly process chart can be used as an aid in studying the activities of a group of people working together. This chart is a composite of individual member process charts, arranged to permit thorough analysis. 15- ( T) To improve an operation, we may reduce the number of transportation activities in the operation chart, if it is possible. PART II (20 Points). Fill in the blank/s with appropriate word/s. 1- The following approaches should be considered in developing possible solutions from which the preferred work method will be selected: 1. Eliminate unnecessary work 2. Combine necessary work 3. Change the sequence of necessary work 4. Simplify work. 2- Use: is the basic hand motion for manipulating a tool, device, or piece of apparatus for the purpose for which it was intended. 3- Inspect: is defined as examining an object to determine whether or not it complies with standard size, shape, color, or other qualities previously determined. 4- Pre-position: is a basic hand motion, which refers to locating an object in a predetermined place, or locating it in the correct position for some subsequent motion. 5- The over-all process of putting a new product into production can be divided into three parts or phases. 1. Planning, 2. Pre-production, 3. Production. 6- Micro-motion Study is the study of the fundamental element or sub-divisions of an operation by means of a motion picture camera and a timing device, which accurately indicates the time intervals on the motion picture film. 7- Benefits of „Eliminating Unnecessary Work‟ in developing the preferred work method are: 1- There is no need to spend money on installing an improved method. 2- No interruption or delay is caused while the improved method is being developed, tested, and installed. 3- It is not necessary to train new operators on the new method. 4- The problem of resistance to change is minimized when a job or activity that is found to be unnecessary is eliminated. 8- Assemble: is defined as the placement of one object into or on another object with which it becomes an integral part. 9- Planning is a decision making process in that a goal or objective has been determined and a choice has been made from alternatives. 10- A clearer picture of the relationship of the operator‟s working time and the machine time can be obtained by showing the information graphically to scale by a chart, which is called Man-Machine Chart.