The Advantages and disadvantages of Sexual and Asexual Reproduction Asexual Reproduction The production of offspring from one parent that includes identical DNA Examples: Bacteria, Plants: potatoes, animals: whiptail lizards. Advantages of Asexual Reproduction • One parent is needed • high success rate • takes short amount of time • energy not needed to search for mate • energy not needed to produce sex cells Disadvantages of Asexual Reproduction • less likely to produce new species • diseases and bad qualities passed down • lower genetic variety • more susceptible to diseases Sexual Reproduction The fusing of two gametes, or sex cells, from each parent to produce the offspring. Examples: Many types of animals including Humans and Dogs. Many types of plants including Trees and Flowering Plants. Advantages of Sexual Reproduction • Creates new organism not a copy • new organism has different traits • more likely to adapt • more likely to produce a new species • more disease resistant Disadvantages of Sexual Reproduction • Only females are capable of gestation • have to spend energy to find mate • have to spend energy to produce sex cells • Lower chance of fertilization and producing new offspring. Red Queen Hypothesis • Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place.