Global Geography Unit 3 - Middle and South America Globe Trekker – Chile and Easter Island 1. Ian begins his journey at what physical location? What does he see there? The Atacama Desert. Ian sees beautiful hillside geolyths (large-scale drawing made on the ground by scratching or arranging lines of stones) made hundreds of years ago and ancient mummies, their glossy black hair still neatly braided. 2. What animal do farmers continue to herd in the northern deserts in their forefathers’ ways? llama 3. What marvel of modern technology does Ian see? the largest telescope in the world 4. What spectacle of thousands of devotees does Ian encounter on his way to Santiago? a pilgrimage 5. What method of transportation does Ian take from Santiago to Temuco? a luxurious wood-paneled 1930's train 6. What makes the indigenous Mapuche Indians unique in the world today? the indigenous Mapuche Indians still retain their own language and identity 7. What European ethnic group is found in this region? How do they differ from their neighbors? 8th generation German ex-pats who retain their native language along with their distinctive architecture, music and strudel 8. What animal does Ian see in Patagonia? penguins 9. How would you describe Torres del Paine National Park? The wind and weather conditions here can be brutal but the astounding natural beauty of the glacier-streamed mountains in Torres del Paine National Park more than makes up for the chill factor. 10. What island does Ian visit, what is it named after, and what does he find there? Ian visits Robinson Crusoe Island, named after Daniel Defoe's famous novel Robinson Crusoe, which was set there. He finds it's not as exotic and palm-lined as the book would have you believe, but the local people are hospitable and lobsters are excellent. 11. Where did the people who live on Easter Island come from? What does Ian see there? The people of Easter Island are Polynesians who are segregated from mainland Chileans. The island is home to huge protective moais (human figures carved from rock) that continue to be one of the biggest archaeological mysteries of all time.