Homework 28 - Chapter 24: World War Looms Read pages 734 to 765. Answer the questions. Section 1: Dictators Threaten World Peace 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. What events did Martha Gellhorn cover as a journalist? What was life like on the streets of Madrid? How did WWI plants seeds of revolution that led to WWII? Why did the Treaty of Versailles fail to make the world safe for democracy? Who replaced Lenin as the leader of the Soviet Union? How did the Soviets become the 2nd greatest industrial power? What kind of rule is totalitarian rule? What events led to the rise of Benito Mussolini? How does facism operate? What was Mussolini’s nickname? How did Hitler rise to power? What is Mein Kampf? What is Nazism? How is Nazism different from Facism? How did the depression help Hitler? What prediction did Hitler make about the future of Germany? What act of aggression did Japan commit in 1931? Why? What happened in the Rhineland in 1935? What happened to Ethiopia in 1935? Who started the Spanish Civil War? Why did Western democracies remain neutral? How did the war impact Germany and Italy? What was the Kellogg Briand Pact? Why did Americans choose isolationism? What were the Neutrality Acts? How did FDR get around the Neutrality Acts? Section 2: War in Europe 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. What was ironic about William Shirer’s story in 1940? What did Hitler propose to his advisers in 1937? What country did Hitler annex first? How did this happen without any violence? What was the Sudetenland? Why did Hitler want it? What was the Munich Pact or Agreement? Who was right about the Munich Pact: Churchill or Chamberlain? What was the nonaggression pact? Why would Stalin and Hitler, sworn enemies, sign such a deal? What was the blitzkrieg? What happened on Sept 2nd? 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. What happened on Sept 3rd? What was the Phony War? How did the Germans defeat the French defenses during the invasion of France? Where were over 300,000 soldiers saved from German forces? Who was Charles De Gaulle? Why did Germany launch an air war against Britain? Who won the Battle of Britain? Why? How did Churchill inspire the British people to fight on? Section 3: The Holocaust 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. How many Polish Jews were sent to labor camps? Who was Kurt Klein and how did he help Gerda Weissman? How many were murdered in the Holocaust? Why were Jews targeted? What happened on the Kristallnacth? Why did the world reject so many European Jews seeking refuge? What happened to the ship St. Louis? How did the Final Solution change Europe forever? Besides Jews, who else was targeted? What was life like inside a Jewish ghetto? What was the purpose of the concentration camp? What decision was made about the Final Solution in 1942? How many could be killed a day in a death camp? For the few who survived, how did they do it? Section 4: American Moves Toward War 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. What is important about FDR’s 1939 radio speech? What was the Cash and Carry plan? Why was it controversial? What did the US get in return for giving Britain 50 old naval destroyers? What is the Tripartite Pact? What steps did FDR take to prepare for war in 1940? Why do you think there was so little difference between candidates FDR and Wendell Wilkie in the election of 1940? What is the significance of the “Great Arsenal of Democracy” speech by FDR? Why do you think most Americans supported the LEND LEASE Act? What did Hitler do in June of 1941 to expand the war? What is unusual about Stalin, Churchill, and FDR helping each other? What were German Wolf Packs? How did the threaten Britain? How many tons of shipping did the Wolf Packs sink in 1941? What was the only way to stop the Wolf Packs? What was decided at the Atlantic Charter? What new term for the allies was born during the Atlantic Charter? Who was FDR aiming at when he ordered “shoot on sight”? 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. Who was Hideki Tojo? What was his ultimate goal? What regions had Japan conquered by 1941? What had the US discovered by November of 1941? Why did the US fail to prevent the attack on Pearl Harbor even with warning? How many were killed at Pearl Harbor? What happened to the US Navy at Pearl Harbor? How did the US public respond to Pearl Harbor? What is the name of the speech given by FDR the day after the attack?