North Name four causes of the Civil War. 1. No slavery 2. Manufacturing/ wanted tariffs 3. Federal supremacy 4. Urban areas South 1. Wanted slavery 2. Did not want tariffs 3. States’ rights 4. Rural areas Define nullification. This idea was held by Southerners. They believed that the state could declare a national law illegal. What was the Missouri Compromise? In 1820 Missouri entered the Union as a slave state and Maine entered the Union as a free state. It set border for free states north of 36’30”. What was the Compromise of 1850? California would enter the Union as a free state. The Southwest territories would decide about slavery. What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act? This compromise allowed people in the territory to decide the slavery issue themselves. They voted on the issue. This is called popular sovereignty. How did southern states react to Lincoln’s election? They seceded from the Union. What battle marked the beginning of the Civil War? Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Explain the difference in views between Northerners and Southerners in their belief in secession. Northerners felt that the Union could not be divided. Southerners felt that the states had entered the Union voluntarily and could leave at any time. Name the 11 states that seceded from the union. Name the four slave states that stayed in the Union. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Florida 1. 2. 3. 4. Delaware Maryland Kentucky Missouri 6. Alabama 7. Mississippi 8. Louisiana 9. Texas 10. Arkansas 11. Tennessee Which state split during this process? The western counties of Virginia refused to secede from the Union and became the state of West Virginia.