Compromises attempting to resolve differences Missouri Compromise (1820) / Compromise of 1820: What they did Result Map Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; Maine entered the Union as a free state. Keeps the balance of Free states and Slave states. Temporary fix Compromise of 1850 What they did California entered the Union as a free state. Southwest Territories (Utah and New Mexico) would decide about slavery. The South got stronger fugitive slave laws. Result Temporary Fix with a more complex balance Map Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) What they did Result Map People in each state would decide the slavery issue (“popular sovereignty”). Bloodshed, fighting in Congress - The Dred Scott Decision- The supreme court decides that slaves are property, and property cannot be taken away from people, so you can’t ban slavery. - The Election of 1860 –President Lincoln is elected, will not endorse the spread of slavery into other territories Southern Secession Following Lincoln’s election, the southern states seceded from the Union. Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the Civil War. Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was one nation that could not be separated or divided. Most Southerners believed that states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it.