Welcome! Please write down your homework: Bring all necessary materials to help you write your rough draft Rough draft due :November 25th PLEASE PRINT TWO COPIES!! Agenda for November 11th Greece Geography Notes Greek Government Notes Guided Reading Athens vs. Sparta Activity Essential Questions How did Solon reform Greece? What is the difference between a direct and an indirect democracy? How did the climate affect daily life in Ancient Greece? Why did the Greeks establish colonies? What were Athens and Sparta? Greece Geography Notes Location Peninsula between the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas Within sailing distance of the Fertile Crescent and Egypt promoted contacts for trade and ideas Deep Harbors Supported merchants and traders Exported wine, olive oil, and marble Imported grains and metals Cultural diffusion evidence of Greek culture and influence throughout the Mediterranean region Mountainous Terrain Development of city-states rather than a central government Poor farmland pushed people to colonize land outside of Greece Greeks established colonies on the shores of the Mediterranean and Black Seas Greek colonies were established to ease overcrowding in mainland Greece Dependence on trade Mild Climate Public life outdoors, where people discussed issues and news Greece Government Notes Types of Government Monarchy a king or monarch rules government ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families Aristocracy Types of Government Democracy Rule by the people citizens elect representatives who rule according to the people Direct citizens rule directly and not through representatives Indirect government is ruled by a few powerful people Oligarchy Greek Reformers - Draco 621 B.C.E. - he wrote the first Greek legal code It dealt with contracts and property ownership The result was more conflicts between aristocrats and the poor Greek Reformers - Solon 594 B.C.E. - he was chosen to lead the government to stop civil war He outlawed slavery and ruled that all citizens can participate in assembly Created beneficial economic reforms Neglected land reforms so the fighting between classes continued Guided Reading As you read Section 1 & 2, please answer the questions (parts A and B). When you finish, please process/review your answers! One at a time we will conference about your thesis statements! Athens vs. Sparta Activity Athens vs. Sparta Clear your desks of everything and remember that this is an INDEPENDENT activity! Read through the chart and write a short response on which city-state you would rather live in Based on what you might know about ancient Athens and Sparta: if you think you would have rather lived in Athens, come to the window side of the room if you think you would have rather lived in Sparta, go to the door side of the room. Group Preparation As a group create the following: Opening statement about your city-state Each person creates arguments for why you should live in your designated city-state Create arguments against the other city-state If you are undecided… create arguments for both Athens vs. Sparta Each group will state their opening arguments Each topic will be discussed and rebutted If an argument is made that makes you change your mind or question where you want to live, you may switch sides or move to the middle You may only move TWICE!