Name: Page: Renaissance & Reformation Vocabulary

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Martin Luther

Johannes Gutenberg

Humanism

Inquisition

Michelangelo

Secularism

Renaissance & Reformation Vocabulary

Patron

Vernacular

Council of Trent

Predestination

Shakespeare

Elizabeth I

Henry VIII

Printing Press

Indulgences

Erasmus

95 Theses

Niccolo Machiavelli

Sect Leonardo daVinci

Recant The Prince

Protestant Italy

John Calvin

Jesuits

Renaissance

Calvinist belief that God long ago determined who would gain salvation

English poet & playwright,

37 plays still performed today

Became both a rallying symbol for Protestants and a target for Catholics

German monk and professor of theology who triggered the revolt against the Catholic Church

Printed 1st bible with printing press with movable type

Another reformer of

Christianity who would affect the direction of the

Reformation

Member of a Roman

Catholic religious order

(Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius of Loyola in

1534

Intellectual movement focused on education & the classics

Rebirth

a subgroup of a major religious group to withdraw a statement or opinion, especially formally any Western Christian who is not an adherent of a

Catholic Church

Name:

a Church court set up to try people accused of heresy

Sculpture, “melancholy genius”, David, Pieta,

Sistine Chapel, Dome of St.

Peters’ Cathedral in Rome

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nonreligious

Responsible for the British break with the Catholic

Church, not a religious leaders

Machine which could mass produce text using movable type in the Roman Catholic

Church, pardon for sins committed during a person’s lifetime

Person who produces financial support for the arts

Everyday language of ordinary people

1545-1563

Group of Catholic leaders that met to respond to

Protestant challenges and direct the future of the

Catholic Church

Dutch priest & humanist, called for the Bible to be translated so all could read it

Arguments against indulgences written by

Martin Luther

Wrote “The Prince”, guidebook for rulers

Italian, nature sketches, dissected corpses, Mona

Lisa, The Last Supper, selftaught

Guidebook for rules, use whatever methods to achieve goals, raised ethical questions about politics today

South Europe, shaped like a boot, along the

Mediterranean Sea

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