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Renaissance & Reformation Vocabulary
Martin Luther
Johannes Gutenberg
Humanism
Inquisition
Michelangelo
Secularism
Patron
Vernacular
Council of Trent
Predestination
Shakespeare
Elizabeth I
Henry VIII
Printing Press
Indulgences
Erasmus
95 Theses
Niccolo Machiavelli
Sect
Recant
Protestant
John Calvin
Jesuits
Renaissance
Leonardo daVinci
The Prince
Italy
Calvinist belief that God
long ago determined who
would gain salvation
English poet & playwright,
37 plays still performed
today
Became both a rallying
symbol for Protestants and
a target for Catholics
German monk and
professor of theology who
triggered the revolt against
the Catholic Church
Printed 1st bible with
printing press with
movable type
Intellectual movement
focused on education &
the classics
Another reformer of
Christianity who would
affect the direction of the
Reformation
Member of a Roman
Catholic religious order
(Society of Jesus) founded
by Ignatius of Loyola in
1534
a subgroup of a major
religious group
to withdraw a statement or
opinion, especially formally
Rebirth
any Western Christian who
is not an adherent of a
Catholic Church
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Sculpture, “melancholy
a Church court set up to try
genius”, David, Pieta,
people accused of heresy Sistine Chapel, Dome of St.
Peters’ Cathedral in Rome
Responsible for the British
break with the Catholic
Church, not a religious
leaders
Person who produces
financial support for the
arts
Machine which could mass
produce text using
movable type
Everyday language of
ordinary people
nonreligious
in the Roman Catholic
Church, pardon for sins
committed during a
person’s lifetime
1545-1563
Group of Catholic leaders
that met to respond to
Protestant challenges and
direct the future of the
Catholic Church
Dutch priest & humanist,
called for the Bible to be
translated so all could read
it
Arguments against
indulgences written by
Martin Luther
Wrote “The Prince”,
guidebook for rulers
Italian, nature sketches,
dissected corpses, Mona
Lisa, The Last Supper, selftaught
Guidebook for rules, use
whatever methods to
achieve goals, raised
ethical questions about
politics today
South Europe, shaped like
a boot, along the
Mediterranean Sea
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