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Renaissance & Reformation Vocabulary
Martin Luther
Johannes Gutenberg
Humanism
Inquisition
Michelangelo
Secularism
Patron
Vernacular
Council of Trent
Predestination
Shakespeare
Elizabeth I
Calvinist belief that God
long ago determined who
would gain salvation
Predestination
German monk and
professor of theology who
triggered the revolt against
the Catholic Church
Martin Luther
Henry VIII
Printing Press
Indulgences
Erasmus
95 Theses
Niccolo Machiavelli
Sect
Recant
Protestant
John Calvin
Jesuits
Renaissance
English poet & playwright,
37 plays still performed
today
William Shakespeare
Printed 1st bible with
printing press with
movable type
Johannes Gutenberg
Another reformer of
Christianity who would
affect the direction of the
Reformation
John Calvin
Member of a Roman
Catholic religious order
(Society of Jesus) founded
by Ignatius of Loyola in
1534
Jesuits
a subgroup of a major
religious group
Sect
to withdraw a statement or
opinion, especially formally
Recant
Leonardo daVinci
The Prince
Italy
Became both a rallying
symbol for Protestants and
a target for Catholics
Elizabeth I
Intellectual movement
focused on education &
the classics
Humanism
Rebirth
Renaissance
any Western Christian who
is not an adherent of a
Catholic Church
Protestant
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Sculpture, “melancholy
genius”, David, Pieta,
a Church court set up to try
Sistine Chapel, Dome of St.
people accused of heresy
Peters’ Cathedral in Rome
Inquisition
Michelangelo
Responsible for the British
break with the Catholic
Church, not a religious
leaders
Henry VIII
Person who produces
financial support for the
arts
Patron
Dutch priest & humanist,
called for the bible to be
translated so all could read
it
Desiderius Erasmus
Italian, nature sketches,
dissected corpses, Mona
Lisa, The Last Supper, selftaught
Leonardo Da Vinci
Machine which could mass
produce text using
movable type
Printing Press
Everyday language of
ordinary people
Vernacular
Arguments against
indulgences written by
Martin Luther
95 Theses
Guidebook for rules, use
whatever methods to
achieve goals, raised
ethical questions about
politics today
The Prince
nonreligious
Secularism
in the Roman Catholic
Church, pardon for sins
committed during a
person’s lifetime
Indulgences
1545-1563
Group of Catholic leaders
that met to respond to
Protestant challenges and
direct the future of the
Catholic Church
Council of Trent
Wrote “The Prince”,
guidebook for rulers
Niccolo Machiavelli
South Europe, shaped like
a boot, along the
Mediterranean Sea
Italy
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