Name: _______________________________ USVA History Study Guide – Chapter 7.1 – Regional Economies Create Differences 1. The new American republic prior to the Civil War experienced dramatic _________________ growth that included agriculture and industrialization. 2. American settlers poured westward from coastal states into the _____________________ region seeking economic opportunity in the form of land to own and farm. 3. In order to unify the various regions of the Unites States economically, __________________ developed the ________________________, a plan that called for internal improvements, tariffs, and a new national bank. 4. The major types of internal improvements that included ____________, _________________, and eventually ____________________ helped the growth of an industrial economy and supported the westward movement of settlers. 5. The _______________________ was constructed in New York between the Hudson Rover at Albany, and Lake Erie at Buffalo, and effectively linked the Northwest region around the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean at the port of New York City. 6. ___________________________’s invention of the ____________________ led to the spread of the slavery-based system, especially in the Lower/Deep South. 7. In the Deep South, slavery expanded as the cultivation of the major cash crop of the region, ____________________, expanded significantly. 8. __________________________, or a difference between regions, in this case North vs. South, was caused by competing or different economic interests. 9. The industrial North favored high ______________________ tariffs to protect northern manufactured goods from foreign competition, whereas the ______________________ South opposed high tariffs that made the price of imported goods more expensive. 10. The _______________________________ was the first protective tariff passed as part of Henry Clay’s American System.