Plant Anatomy Have you ever visited a doctor? If you have, you have visited a person who is an expert on human anatomy. This means that doctors know a lot about the parts of the human body and what each part does! We are not the only living things that have parts, however. Plants also have many different parts and each part has its own function, or job. Today we are going to learn about plant anatomy. Most plants have four basic parts: stems, leaves, flowers, and roots. Each of these parts has a unique function or purpose. The roots of a plant are located under ground. They anchor the plant and absorb water and minerals, or nutrients from the soil. These nutrients then travel to other parts of the plant by way of the stem. The stem provides support for the plant and is filled with tiny tubes that carry the life-giving nutrients from the roots to the leaves. Growing out of the stem are leaves. The leaves are the part of the plant that make food. This food-making process is called photosynthesis and it occurs in all green plants. The flower is another basic part of many plants. The flower’s main function is to make seeds so that the life cycle of the plant can continue.