Transformation Dimensions Old Paradigm New Paradigm

Transformation Dimensions
Old Paradigm
New Paradigm
 Activities driven by Small holder Producer
Communities, season after season, adapting the agri
systems of the area to climate change
 Bottom up approach
 Decentralization
 Small producer family & Community/Cluster level
 Capacity Building of smallholder community org/
company (PC) staffed by rural educated women,
men and youth, trained as general practitioners
(GPs) and MBAs in agriculture, to take over all
responsibilities and manage risks, other than on
farm activities and working with local institutions/
NGOs to replicate successful models in the area
 ‘Jury’ of the small holder producer to decide on
needs and priorities involving all stakeholders
 Successful farmers contracted for wide replication of
their models in their vicinity, assisted by institutions
and other stakeholders
 Funding of optimally sized PCs to facilitate
community supported agriculture extension, finance,
management and marketing
 IAR4D is smallholder friendly, holistic and follows the
low cost integrated agriculture of the area, primarily
to meet their nutritious food, health and cash needs
– thus ensures access at little or no cost
 Low cost integrated smallholder friendly IAR4D to be
the focus and as applicable to each area
 PC owned by producers but staffed by professionals,
takes over all responsibilities and manages risks, to
ensure a + ‘cash to cash cycle’
 Knowledge systems that are based on the local soil,
agro climatic and successful farmer models
 Primary/ Secondary value addition to optimize shelf
life for storage till prices peak and for minimizing
post harvest losses
 Agricultural Research driven by NARES, CGIAR
& global players/agents (mainstream)
 Top down approach
Governance Principles
 Centralization
 National, Regional, Global level outputs
Management Methods
 Capacity Building of Mainstream Systems at
the national, regional & global level
 Investment decisions mostly driven by the
needs of the external input orgs
 Partnerships of organizations, institutions
based on following NARES & CG mandates
 Large & hierarchical Organizations
Innovation Agriculture
Research for Development
 AR4D is reductionist
 High specialization: Breeding linked to
externally bought inputs
 Mainstream Scientists governed by
technological path dependency rather than
IAR4D to meet the needs of smallholder
producer communities
 Knowledge systems largely based on
laboratory and research station experiments
 ‘Scaling Up’ based on statistical models
 Focus on productivity - food security’ at
National, Regional and Global level
 Production targets set at national/ global level
 Serving the interests of national, Regional and
International commodity markets
 Economies of Scale for commoditization
 NPK in soil
 Central tendencies
 GDP, Income, Production, Productivity, etc
 Nutritious Food & Health Security of the smallholder
producer communities and urban poor in the vicinity
 Mitigation of hunger, Mal nutrition, poverty and
suicides by ensuring access to nutritious food
 Plans and budgets to meet needs of producer
communities andl markets in the vicinity
 ‘Economies of Scope’ or Diversity
 Optimise carbon content in soil
 PC services available to communities with focus on
minimizing responsibilities and risks
 Increase in ‘purchasing power’ and ‘net income’ of
small holder farmers/producers/ rural communities