Matter vs. Energy *The universe is made up of matter and energy. Matter: 1. Has mass 2. Takes up space 3. Is usually a “thing” Energy: 1. It is not like matter 2. Does not have mass 3. Does not take up space 4. Energy moves matter!!!!!! ** Energy is the ability to make things move. Light, heat, sound, motion, and electricity are all forms of energy. Properties of Matter: (characteristics) Color, shape, size, hardness, texture, malleability, porosity, conductivity, odor, Mass. *(things that help us identify matter).