Testing Figures for Exam III

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Testing Figures for Exam III
A cell which has a diploid (2n) number of 6 undergoes either mitosis or meiosis. Use the pictures below to answer
questions about the stages of division for this cell.
e.g. Which cell is in Meiosis Metaphase I? Which cell depicts non-identical chromatids separating? Which cell is in
Prophase of Mitosis? Which cell could be in G1 phase? In which cell are homologous chromosomes separating?
Which cells above are diploid or haploid? Which cell shows chromosomes in synapsis? In which cell could
chromosomes be undergoing replication? Which cell is most similar to a gamete? Which cell is Metaphase II of
Meiosis? What phase is cell “bd” in?
Complete the following comparison table.
CHARACTERISTIC
Purpose
Haploid or Diploid at beginning
of cell division?
Change in chromosome number
Type of cells that undergo this
process (somatic or germ-line
cells)
Number of cell divisions
Number of cells produced
Descriptions of the genes of the
new cells compared to the
parent cell (identical or
different)
Description of the genes of the
new cells compared to each
other (identical or different)
MITOSIS
MEIOSIS
Key Words
Cohesion
Adhesion
Heat capacity
Universal solvent
Acid
Alkaline/Basic
Hydroxyl group
Amino group
Carboxyl group
Phosphate group
(Aldehyde and Ketone)
Peptide
Amino acid
Peptide bond
Polar
Non-polar
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Triglyceride
Fatty Acid
Glycerol
Fat
Oil
Saturated C-C bond
Unsaturated C-C bond
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleotide
Ribonucleotide
DNA
RNA
Nucleic Acid
Double stranded helix
Single stranded
Nitrogenous base
Monosaccharide/simple
sugar
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide/complex
sugar
Cellulose
Starch
Chitin
Murein/peptidoglycan
Glycogen
Fructose
Sucrose
Glucose
Hormone
Sterol/steroid
Photosynthetic pigment
cholesterol
Insulation
Energy storage
Catalyst
Structural support
Mitochondrion
Chloroplast
lysosomes
Golgi body
Endoplasmic reticulum
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Diffusion
Passive transport
Active transport
Faciliated transport
Plasmolysis
Salt
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Solubility
Light absorption
Light reflection
Calvin Cycle (light indpt)
Light dependent reactions
NAD+/NADH
FAD+/FADH2
Equation for cell resp.
Equation for photosynth.
Pyruvate
ADP + P
ATP
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Electron transport chain
ATP synthase/mill
Hydrogen ion reservoir
Permeable/impermeable
Membrane channel
proteins
Fermentation
Ethanol and CO2
Yeast and fermentation
Human muscle cells &
ferm.
Bacteria and fermentation
Lactic acid
Matrix of mitochondrion
Inner membrane
Outer membrane
Carbon dioxide
Role of H2O in cell resp
and photosyn.
Enzyme
Substrate
Product
Energy-requiring reaction
Energy-liberating reaction
Enzymes and pH, temp.
Functions of protein
Functions of lipids
Functions of carbos
Functions of nucl. Acids
Parts of a nucleotide
Competitive inhibitor
Non-competitive inhibitor
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