Judicial Vocabulary Precedent Court decision that stands as an example to be followed in future, similar cases. Judicial Branch Branch of government that includes the Supreme Court and all other courts created by the Constitution and Congress Marbury v Madison Decision written by Chief Justice Marshall, established the evaluation of federal laws’ constitutionality, or “judicial review” as a power of the Supreme Court. McCulloch v Maryland Case concerning whether or not states are allowed to tax the Federal Government. Gibbons v Ogden Case that examines the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce. dual court system FEDERALISM! There is a national judiciary that includes all the Federal Courts and the many courts in each state. Voting Rights Act of 1965 Outlaws discriminatory practices at the polls – No literacy tests original jurisdiction The power to hear a case first, before any other court. Miranda v Arizona Case that made it necessary to inform the accused of his or her rights. jurisdiction Authority to hear a case. due process of law The government must act fairly and in accord with established rules in all that it does.