2311 Exam Two Fall 2010 Name________________________________ Choose two of the following to answer. Write a COMPLETE essay, including an introduction, points of discussion, and a conclusion. Remember that plagiarism will not be tolerated. Each essay is worth 50 points. Use this page as a cover sheet. The success of Alexander the Great really starts with his father, Phillip II of Macedon. How did Phillip contribute to his son’s achievements? Leaping forward…what legacy did Alexander leave the world? Be sure to include political, cultural and military aspects in your discussion. Sparta was a major Greek polis that did not develop a democracy. How was the Spartan state run? Why was this unique military/political system instituted? What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan state? Trace the rise of democracy in the Greek polis of Athens. On what particular factors did democracy depend on? What were the weaknesses of a democratic system? By the 1st century BC, the Roman Republic was faltering. What were the causes of the disintegration of the Republic? Do you think there was any way the Republic could have been saved, or was the transition to Empire necessary? What was the Third Century Crisis? How did the Romans react to the new developments in their world? Be sure to discuss the reforms of Diocletian and how they ultimately failed.