English Ideas Organization Conventions Word Choice Sentence Fluency Voice Presentation (the +1) Scored 1-4, 4 is the highest score, 1 is the lowest. heart of message the main theme and the details that develop the theme _____________________________________ “Don’t say the old lady screamed. Bring her on and let her scream.” –Mark Twain logical sequencing of events introduction “hooks” reader transitions show movement of story feels natural, not forced conclusion leaves reader satisfied ________________________________________ Key Question- Does the organization of my paper enhance the ideas and make it easier to understand? rich, colorful, vivid vocabulary energetic verbs specific nouns minimal slang, clichés, or repetition. unique perspective of the writer compelling ideas, engaging language, and revealing details. ________________________________________ “Voice is the writer revealed.” – Donald Murray Voice is YOU coming through your writing. It’s what gives your writing personality, flavor, style– a sound all of its own. The mechanical correctness of the piece; spelling, grammar and usage, paragraphing, use of capitals, and punctuation. ______________________________________ “Editing is easy. All you have to do is cross out the wrong words.” --Mark Twain “The first editor of any piece is always the writer…” –Nancie Atwell The rhythm and flow word patterns How your writing looks and sounds ________________________________________ A sentence that flows well can be easily read aloud, no rehearsal necessary! Sentences vary in length and are smooth sounding. Take 3 sheets of paper Stack paper together, then spread each sheet apart 1 ½ inches Fold together and make straight crease You will have 6 sections when folded What is my message? Is my message clear? Did I try hard to make it interesting? Do I have enough information? How does my paper begin? Did I tell things in order? Does everything link to my message? How does my paper end? Did I leave spaces between words? Did I use a title? Did I use periods or question marks? Did I capitalize the right words? Did I spell words correctly? Could another person read my handwriting? Have I used some words that I really LOVE? Can my reader tell what my words mean? Have I used some new words? Did I try not to repeat words too many times? Did I use complete sentences? Do my sentences begin in different ways? Did I use some long and some short sentences? Does my paper sound smooth as I read it? Does this paper sound like me? How do I want my readers to feel? Would I keep reading this if it were longer? MUCH longer? What is my favorite part? Does my writing look good Did I use titles, page numbers, and subheadings when needed. Since Ideas are the CONTENT, your writing should be clear, focused, and jam-packed with details! “When I was in school I thought details were just extra words to add in a story to make it better. I thought detail was decoration or wallpaper…Details are not wallpaper; they are walls.” –Barry Lane A piece that is strong in ideas moved beyond “telling” into the realm of “Showing.” A book that is well written sends you away with a feeling that you actually knew the characters or had seen the setting. Telling way. Example: Jane dressed in an unusual Telling: Jane dressed in an unusual way. Jane came to school today in pink and white polka dot leggings and a blue and green paisley shirt. The twelve inch purple feather sticking straight up from her orange hat almost kept me from noticing the army boots on her feet. I say this every year- I’m getting too old for this! Glazed-eyed kids running, stumbling, frantically searching for their lockers and often close to tears when their fingers don’t respond to the number sequence printed on the 3X5 index card. What they don’t know yet is that learning to open a locker in middle school is one of the greatest challenges they will face all year. As I run from student to student, assuring each that it WILL get easier- automatic even- I can’t help noticing that their small motor coordination is something akin to tying flies while wearing woolen mittens. At least for this first day, everyone is equal. No jocks, no nerds, no bullies, no victims- just a bunch of anxious, sweat-palmed adolescents struggling to gain access to the only private space they can call their own for the next nine months. -Ruth Culham Can you turn these into showing examples? Choose two that you would like to expand. The room was a mess. She was a kind person. He has terrible table manners. The dog looked dangerous. The situation was frightening. Four figures walked onto the field. They carried a large wooden box. They put down the box in the glare of the spotlight. The crowd waited. What questions is the reader left with? Four senior captains on the Southmoore High School football team reverently carried a large wooden casket onto the immaculately kept field. Slowly they lowered the plainly adorned coffin at the 50 yard line. As the warm stadium spotlights shown against the hard plastic of their helmets, the four figures slowly turned in an about face. A new figure approached. The blue and gold super fans packed in the stadium watched gleefully with anticipation. The Southmoore Sabercat mascot prowled forward, making the crowd forget he was simply a student in costume. Dramatically, the larger than life sabercat ripped open the flimsy lid from the coffin to reveal a rotting, lifeless Edmond Timberwolf. The band instantly stuck up the fight song and as if on cue the crow erupted into cries and cheers. Just about a week ago my teacher had a rip in his pants. It was really funny. I didn’t see it right away, but someone told me. Then I saw it and wanted to laugh, but I held it in. Then someone told him, and everyone started to laugh. Then he went home to change. What details do we need to add? ________ ________ ________ ________ Things that make you Nervous ________ ________ ________ Quiet places to escape 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Things that could go wrong on your birthday1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Write 2-3 paragraphs describing a birthday disaster. Use your brainstorming list of ideas.