Math Skills Number Talks Strategy: Math Calculation Appropriate Grade Level: Elementary Procedures/Steps: The main goal of NUMBER TALK is for students to begin to make sense of numbers. Over time, students develop competence in their problem solving skills and their computational fluency. 1. The teacher shows a flash card to students and asks them to share the processes that they used to figure out “how many” 2. The students give a “thumbs up” when they know how many objects are on the card 3. Then the students explain how they got their answer 4. These responses lead to the introduction of symbolic representation of numbers, in which students or teacher record number combinations that represent what they see Comments and/or tips: Small groups of numbers can be used in a variety of models-such as toothpicks, same-colored dots, and squares Number Talks can be held with a whole group, small homogeneous groups, or heterogeneous groups. They should occur at least three times a week, for ten to twenty minutes a session Teacher provides problems with varying degrees of difficulty to meet a range of needs in the Number Talk group. Source: Postletwait, K.B., Adams, M.R., & Shih, J.C. (2003). Promoting meaningful mastery of addition and subtraction. Teaching Children Mathematics, 9(6), 354-7.