Climate Change INDEPENDENT UNIT PACKAGE Name: ______________________________ SECTION 8.1 - Read p. 319-321

Climate Change
Name: ______________________________
SECTION 8.1 - Read p. 319-321
1. Differentiate between weather and climate. Provide an example of each.
2. What 6 pieces of information are provided by meteorologist when they describe the weather?
3. List three different technologies used to collect weather data.
SECTION 8.2 - Read p. 322-324
1. What are the characteristics that Köppen used to identify climate zones?
2. Analyze Figure 2 on p. 322.
a) List all the climate zones in Canada.
b) What climate zone do we live in?
3. What are ecoregions?
4. What are ecoregions based on?
5. What is a bioclimate profile?
6. List the 5 factors that affect climate.
SECTION 8.3 - Read p. 325-327
1. What’s the Earth’s ultimate energy provider?
2. What are the major types of radiation provided by the Sun?
3. Copy the table in to your notebooks and complete it
Type of radiation
4. What are the 3 possible outcomes when radiation contacts a particle of matter?
5. Explain how the Earth maintains a healthy energy balance.
6. Explain why regions near the Equator are usually warmer than regions located at higher latitudes.
SECTION 8.4 - Read p. 330-335
1. List the components of the Earth’s climate system.
2. Draw a diagram that shows the orders of the layers of the atmosphere from the surface of the Earth
upwards. Include the following legend in your drawing.
 Yellow for the layer in which all of the
 Red for the layer in which the ISS can be
weather happens.
 Blue for the layer that contains protective  Gray for the layer that contains very few
air particles.
 Violet for the layer that burns the meteors
from space.
3. What is the chemical formula for ozone?
4. What does ozone do in the stratosphere?
5. How is the ozone in the troposphere different than the ozone in the stratosphere?
6. What does CFC stand for?
7. Explain how CFC’s cause ozone depletion.
SECTION 8.6 - Read p.338-341 and p.384-389
1. What type of energy does the warm Earth emit?
2. List the greenhouse gasses. Highlight the names of the two that are the most important.
3. Explain the Greenhouse Effect.
4. Provide 3 examples of natural sources of carbon dioxide.
5. What human activity greatly contributes to the build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?
6. How are anthropogenic greenhouse gases different from natural greenhouse gasses?
7. How much of the natural greenhouse effect is linked to carbon dioxide?
8. How much of the anthropogenic greenhouse effect is linked to carbon dioxide?
9. What are carbon sinks? Provide 2 major carbon sinks on this planet.
10. In what insoluble molecule is carbon stored in the ocean?
11. Explain why water, methane and carbon dioxide are able to trap infrared radiation while oxygen and
nitrogen are not.
12. State and explain two ways in which deforestation leads to increased carbon dioxide levels in the
SECTION 8.8 - Read p. 344-347
1. Analyze figure 4 p. 345.
a) What creates air currents around the globe?
b) What is the name of the predominant winds in our part of the world?
c) Draw a diagram of the Earth similar to Figure 8.8 on page 345. Show the latitude boundaries for the
prevailing winds, roughly mark your location using an arrow and show the direction of the
prevailing wind in this location.
d) Whose pollution are we affected by?
2. Why is the water at the poles more dense?
SECTION 8.10 - Read p. 355-357
1. What is albedo?
2. What is the positive feedback loop that clouds create?
3. Use a diagram to show the warming and cooling albedo effect.
4. What is the albedo of fresh snow?
SECTION 10.2 - Read p. 412-416
1. What does IPCC stand for?
2. What does the IPCC do?
3. summarize the 4 main global impacts of climate change: