Chapter 2 Study Guide Answers
Section 1: Identify the area or region where each health problem is occurring.
Carpal tunnel – wrist
Inguinal hernia - groin
Plantar wart – sole of foot
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear – front of knee
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear – back of knee
Broken orbital socket - eye
Sprained tarsal - ankle
Dislocated acromial - shoulder
Bruised antecubital from blood being drawn - elbow
Cervical whiplash neck
Fractured coxal - hip
Otic infection - ear
Sural raises - calf
Dislocated pollex - thumb
Cural splints - shin
Section 2: Use the best directional term to describe the relationship between two regions.
The popliteal is ___distal__________ to the femoral.
The skin is __________superficial___________ to the bones.
The frontal is _________superior___________ to the mental.
The heart is _____________medial_________ to the lungs.
The liver is ________deep_______________ to the skin.
The arms are _____lateral_______________ to the chest.
The sternum is _______anterior__________ to the heart.
The scapular is ____superior_______________ to the abdominal.
The right lumbar is ___superior______________ to the right iguinal (iliac).
The epigastric is ____medial___________ to the right and left hypochondriac regions.
Section 3: Fill in the chart of the body cavities below:
Dorsal body cavity
__Ventral______ body cavity
Thoracic body cavity a.
Section 4: Miscellaneous
Which plane divides the body into right and left parts? ___sagittal______
A midsagittal section of a human organism would pass through what organ? ___heart_______
What is the structure that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities? __diaphragm______
An anatomical term that means the same as ventral? ___anterior____
Which plane divides an organ to inferior and superior parts?
A person is lying on the grass gazing at the stars. He is in the
Describe anatomical position. ___standing erect, feet shoulder width apart, thumbs pointing out, palms facing forward_____
Mary, who is 6 months pregnant, goes to her physician for a test to check the development of her fetus. The physician uses a device that emits sound waves to produce an image. What is the test? __ultrasound_____
Joey, had an injury to his knee while playing basketball. The orthopedic wants to see if there is any internal damage. The imaging technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce views inside the body is the _____MRI__________.
This type of scan uses x-rays to make detailed pictures of structures inside the body. __CT scan________
Section 5: Review of Chapter 1
This type of anatomy traces structural changes throughout life.
A __tissue_____ is a group of similar cells that have a common function.
In a homeostatic feedback mechanism when the response enhances the initial stimulus, the mechanism is called a __positive______ feedback mechanism.
What are the two examples of positive feedback? ___childbirth, blood clotting___________
What are the five survival needs of the body? _water, nutrients, body temperature, atmospheric pressure, oxygen______
Renal physiology is the study of the function of what organs? _kidneys____
Histology would be defined as the study of what structure? __tissues____
Two or more atoms join together to form what organizational structures?
The third component of a homeostatic feedback loop is the
__effector_______ which provides the means for the control center’s response to the stimulus.
The circulation of blood throughout the body is an example of which necessary life function? __movement______