Summary of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis

Summary of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis
Activation of Glucose for Biosynthesis
The nucleotide labels are used
to mark sugars set aside for
biosynthetic process
Formation of NDP-glucose
NTP + Glucose-1-phosphate
NDP-Glucose + PPi
Hydrolysis of Pyrophosphate
-Provides the energy that shifts the equilibrium to the right
Glycogen Synthesis
Production of Milk and Lactose
For antibody production
-Galactosyl transferase and -Lactoalbumin are components
of lactose synthase
Synthesis of Sucrose
Regulation of Carbohydrates
Protein kinase
Conversion to ‘a’ is
positively modulated
by Glu-6-Phosphate
Substrate Cycles
Reaction leads to production of heat from ATP hydrolysis
-If both enzymes were to be active at the same time?
Net Reaction: ATP + H2O
ADP + Pi + Heat