Polytheism Monotheism The belief in multiple gods The belief in only one god gods have limited power (air, sun, sea, etc.) The one god is all powerful Historically, the oldest forms of belief Examples: A more modern type of religion Examples: Ancient Egypt Greece and Rome Hinduism Judaism Christianity Islam Judaism Monotheistic Religion Start Date: around 2000 B.C.E. Major Religious Text: Torah Place of Worship: Temple/Synagogue Religious Leader: Rabbi Major Holidays: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur Our story begins… Ancient Hebrews: Abraham Abraham moves to Canaan (Modern Day Palestine) around 2000 B.C.E. Abraham is called the “father of the Hebrews” Abraham believed God made a promise to him that he would father a great nation and that Canaan would belong to his people From his grandson Jacob, a nation of 12 tribes was eventually formed Ancient Hebrews: Moses Around 1300 B.C.E. Moses and the Hebrew people were living in Egypt God told Moses to go to the pharaoh and free the Hebrews The Pharaoh refused and 10 plagues were sent to the Egyptians The Exodus – the Hebrews leaving Egypt In the Wilderness God gave to Moses 10 commandments to be followed by the people Kingdom of Israel: David About 1000 B.C.E. David defeated Goliath Later, God made David king, and promised the Hebrew kingdom will remain with his children The capitol of Israel was Jerusalem The Ark of the Covenant, a sacred object, was brought to Jerusalem Samuel 16:1-13 Samuel 37: 1-19 Kingdom of Israel: Solomon Solomon was David’s son, and king. He built a great temple to honor God. To build the temple the Hebrews were taxed heavily. Near his death the northern tribes broke away forming their own kingdom of Israel Solomon’s descendants ruled until taken captive by the Neo-Babylonians in 605 B.C.E. Kings 6:1-38 Chapter 12 pgs. 112-119 The Hebrew people have a rich history over many years. We will take a look at this culture. As a pair or individual, read through section 12.4 Summarize the section in 3-4 sentences or 3-4 bullets. Remember: Vocab Words, Places, Dates, Names, etc.