Spring 2007 Winkle Tuesdays from 12:30 to 3:30 pm

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UPP 543
Planning for Healthy Cities
Spring 2007
Winkle
Tuesdays from 12:30 to 3:30 pm
Behavioral Sciences Building 119
Call Number 22645
4 hours
Instructor:
Curt Winkle
[email protected]
312-996-2155
229 CUPPA Hall, 412 S. Peoria St., Chicago, IL 606007
I am in the office nearly every day, with the occasional exception of
Fridays. For an appointment, call 312-996-5240 or walk-in if I am
available.
The Planning profession has a taproot in the pubic health movement, which
responded to epidemics and other health problems of the late 1800s by
reshaping the city though building sewers and bringing light into tenements. By
the mid 20th century, germ theory transformed health planning into efforts
towards improvement of access to health care providers, particularly for the poor.
The Healthy Cities Movement of the past two decades has brought a renewed
focus on urban ecology and shaping cities to improve health.
This course explores the changing role of health in planning, the ecology of risk
in urban areas, prescriptions for healthy urban design, the needs of special
populations in the city, community health planning, and an overview of some
major policy issues affecting urban health.
The course is uses a seminar format. Students are responsible for participating
actively in class (15%) and at least one formal debate (15%). Students write and
present two term papers (35% each). The first paper is a review of literature on a
topic of relevance to health. The second paper can be another literature review
on a different topic, or a review of a plan or policy related to the first paper. For
example the first paper may be on the relationship between bicycle paths and
health outcomes, while the second analyzes the bicycle plan of a particular city
or compares alternative approaches to providing bicycle paths. Each paper
should be approximately 10 to 15 pages in length. The first paper is due March
6 and presented on either March 6 or 13. The second paper is due May 1
and presented on either May 1 or 8.
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The debate format is as follows:
• 10 minutes for whoever supports the statement
• 10 minutes for whoever opposes the statement
• 2 minute rebuttal by whoever supports the statement
• 2 minute rebuttal by whoever opposes the statement
• Open discussion in class.
Examples of Debate Topics:
1. Smoking should be banned in public spaces
2. Gentrification is good for health
3. The New Urbanism is healthy urbanism
4. Food should be locally grown
5. Ethanol is good for public health
6. Physical Education should be mandated in K-12
7. Space improves health
8. Low density housing is good for health
9. Public schools should screen students for mental health.
10. Prevention is more important than treatment in HIV/AIDS
11. It is most cost-effective to place special populations in 24-hour care
12. There should be universal health care
Required Texts include the following:
•
Frumkin, Howard; Lawrence Frank and Richard Jackson. Urban Sprawl
and Public Health: Designing, Planning and Building for Healthy
Communities. Island Press, 2004.
•
Fitzpatrick, Kevin M. and Mark LaGory. Unhealthy Places: The Ecology of
Risk in the Urban Landscape. Routledge, 2000.
•
Lee, Philip and Carroll Estes. The Nation’s Health. Jones and Bartlett,
2003 (7th edition).
•
Morris, Marya. Integrating Planning and Public Health: Tools and
strategies to Create Healthy Places. American Planning Association,
Planning Advisory Service, 2006.
•
Recommended: Sze, Julie. Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of
Urban Health and Environmental Justice. MIT Press, 2007.
2
Topic Outline and Readings
1) January 16: History of Health and Planning
a) Readings:
i) Frumkin 3: The Evolution of Urban Health
ii) Peterson, Jon. Sanitary Reform Movement and Urban Planning 18401890. Journal of Social History 13, 1 (Fall 1979).
iii) Lee 5: Public Health and Community Problem Solving Article 1:
Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Changes in the Public
Health System
iv) Morris 1: Planning and Public Health Reunited: Exploring Shared
Objectives and Opportunities for Collaboration
2) January 23: Health and Place I
a) Debate: Food should be locally gown. Pro: David Morley, Con: Andrew
Greenlee
b) Readings:
i) Fitzpatrick 1: The Importance of Place
ii) Fitzpatrick 2: Humans as Spatial Animals
iii) Fitzpatrick 3: The Ecology of Everyday Urban Life
iv) Lee 2: Determinants of Health
(1) Article 1: McKewon and the Idea that Social Conditions are
Fundamental Causes of Disease.
(2) Article 2: The Influence of Income on Health: Views of an
Epidemiologist. Marmot
3) January 30: Health and Place II
a) Debate: Gentrification improves health. Pro: Erica Stiner, Con: Alma
Rodriguez.
b) Readings:
i) Fitzpatrick 4: The Sociology of Health
ii) Fitzpatrick 5: Cities as Mosaics of Risk and Protection
iii) Fitzpatrick 8: The Ecology of Health Promotion and Service Delivery
iv) Lee 2: Determinants of Health Article 3: Socioeconomic Status and
Health: The Potential Role of the Environment.
3
4) February 6: Environmental Health
a) Debate: Community Health Workers Should Play a Larger Role in the
Health Care System. Pro: Sharon, Con: Glenda.
b) Readings:
i) Frumkin 1: What is Sprawl? What does it have to Do with Health?
ii) Frumkin 2: The Origins of Sprawl Frumkin 4: Air Quality
iii) Frumkin 7: Water Quantity and Quality
iv) Sze, Julie. Chapter 2: “New York City Environmental Justice
Campaigns: Stigma, Blight, and the Politics of Race and Pollution,”” in
Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and
Environmental Justice. MIT Press, 2007.
v) Sze, Julie. Chapter 3: “Childhood Asthma in New York City: The
Politics of Gender, Race and Recognition,” in Noxious New York: The
Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice. MIT Press,
2007.
5) February 13: Physical Activity and Healthy Transportation
a) Debate: Requiring developers to include public space in their
developments can improve health. Pro: Andrew Greenlee, Con: Katie
b) Readings
i) Frumkin 5: Physical Activity, Sprawl and Health
ii) Frumkin 11: From Urban Sprawl to Health
iii) Frumkin 6: Injuries and Deaths from Traffic
iv) Frank 7: Transportation Systems
v) Burden, Dan, “Street Design for Healthy Neighborhoods”
Transportation Research Board, 2000
http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/circulars/ec019/Ec019_b1.pdf
6) February 20: Social and Mental Health
a) Debate: Spatial planning should be done without regard to race and class
in order to improve health. Pro: Curt Winkle, Con: Sharon Jenkins
b) Readings
i) Frumkin 8: Mental Health
ii) Frumkin 9: Social Capital, Sprawl and Health
iii) Klinenberg Prologue: The Urban Inferno
iv) Klinenberg Introduction: The City of Extremes
v) Klinenberg 1: Dying Alone: The Social Production of Isolation
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vi) Klinenberg 2: Race, Place and Vulnerability: Urban Neighborhoods
and the Ecology of Support
7) February 27: Planning Process for a Healthy City I
a) Debate: Participatory Planning improves health.
b) Readings:
i) Change this to description of healthy cities Healthy Cities and the city
planning process [pdf, 208KB] World Health Organization, 2003.
ii) Morris 2: Five Strategic Points of Intervention and Collaboration
Between Planning and Public Health
iii) Morris 3: Issues in Public Health: Where Planning Plays a Role
iv) Morris 5: Tools for Planning and Public Health Collaboration
8) March 6: Student Paper Presentations. All Papers Due
9) March 13: Student Paper Presentation
10) March 20: Planning Process for a Healthy City II
a) Debate: Are bicyclists should be required to wear helmets
b) Readings:
i) Morris 6: Health Impact Assessment
ii) Morris 7: Case Studies of Successful Planning and Public Health
Collaboration
iii) Lessons Learned: Promoting Physical Activity at the Community Level
Robert Woods Johnson Foundation. 2005.
http://www.rwjf.org/files/publications/LessonsLearned_PhysicalActivity
_GRR.pdf
iv) Recommended: Sze, Julie. Chapter 6: “The Promise and the Peril or,
Can Community-Based Environmental Justice Initiatives Reintegrate
Planning and Public Health in the Urban Environment” in Noxious New
York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice.
MIT Press, 2007.
11) March 27. Spring Break
12) April 3: Special Populations
a) Debate: The Professions of Urban Planning and Public Health should
merge.
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b) Readings:
i) Frumkin 10: Health Concerns of Special Populations
ii) Fitzpatrick 6: Special Populations in the City: Needs and Risks of the
Socially Disadvantaged
iii) Fitzpatrick 7: Special Populations in the City: Needs and Risks of the
Young and Old
iv) Morris 4: Universal Design: Community Design, Public Health and
People with Disabilities
13) April 10: Health Policy
a) Debate: Trans-fats should be banned in restaurants. Pro: David Morley,
Con: Katie Tully
b) Readings:
i) Lee 3: Health Policy: Theories, Models and Concepts
(1) Article 1: The Process of Public Policymaking: A conceptual Model.
(2) Article 2: The Study of Public Policy Processes.
(3) Article 3: Policy Change over a Decade or More.
ii) Lee 4: Health Policy: The Politics of Health
(1) Article 1: From Trust to Political Power: Interest Groups, Public
Choice, and Health Care
(2) Article 2: Health Care and Heath Care Policy in a Changing World
(3) Article 3: The Politics of Long-Term Care Reform under the Clinton
Health Plan: Lessons for the Future
14) April 17: The Health Care System I
a) Debate: Health Impact Assessments should be mandated for all large
development projects.
b) Readings:
i) Lee 5: Public Health and Community Problem Solving
(1) Article 2: Broadening Participation in Community Problem Solving:
A Multidisciplinary Model to Support Collaborative Practice.
ii) Lee 6: Coordinating an Effective Public Health Response
(1) Article 1: Responding to Chemical, Biological, or Nuclear Terrorism:
The Indirect and Long-Term Health Effects May Present the
Greatest Challenge
(2) Article 2: Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response: Clinicians and
Public Health Agencies as Essential Partners
(3) Article 3: Bioterrorism Law and Policy: Critical Choices in Public
Health
(4) Article 4: Bioterrorism Law, Public Health, and Civil Liberties
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15) April 24: The Health Care System II
Debate: Adolescents should be allowed to receive care in a school-based clinic
without parental consent. Pro: Erica Stiner, Con: Sharon Jenkins
a) Readings:
i) Lee 7: Health Care, Health Insurance, and Health Care Organization
(1) Article 1: Who Gets Health Care?
(2) Article 2: The Health Care System: On a Road to Nowhere?
(3) Article 3: Health Insurance Coverage: 2000
(4) Article 4: Managed Care in Transition
ii) Lee 8: Health Care Financing: Medicare, Medicaid, and The States
Children’s Health Insurance Program
(1) Article 1: Medicare
(2) Article 3: Medicaid
16) May 1: Presentation of Papers (Papers Due)
17) May 8: Finals Week-- Presentation of Papers
Some Useful Web sites:
Healthy Urban Planning, World Health Organization
http://www.euro.who.int/healthy-cities/UHT/20050201_2
Transportation and Health, World Health Organization
http://www.euro.who.int/eprise/main/who/progs/trt/home
http://www.rwjf.org/publications/otherlist.jsp Robert Woods Johnson Foundation
Publications
International Healthy Cities Foundation http://www.healthycities.org/
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