Socials 11 Name _______________________ Block _____ THE WAR AT HOME 1. Use Counterpoints pages 45-47 to help you answer the following: Canadian production of goods such as wheat, beef and items made of wood, copper and lead was at an all-time high during WWI. Why then, was there such a shortage of these goods during this time in Canada? 2. Why was the 4% tax levied on businesses criticized by Canadians? 3. Describe the types of “out of home” jobs women had prior to 1914. How did that change with the outbreak of WWI? 4. Your textbook states that “all Canadian women won the right to vote in federal elections in 1918.” In fact, this is not altogether true. What group(s) do you think were excluded from this right? 6. What were Victory Bonds? Honour Rationing? 7. What is a suffragist? Evidence Based Questions Document A Prime Minister Borden, speaking in the House of Commons, moving the 2nd reading of Bill 3, giving the vote to women. March 22nd, 1918 “I do not base it (giving the vote to women) on the wonderful and conspicuous service and sacrifice which women have rendered to the national cause in the war. Apart from all of these, I conceive that women are entitled to the franchise (right to vote) on their merits.” Document B Premier Roblin of Manitoba, speaking in January, 1914 “It is in the home that her (women’s) influence is best felt and exercised… I believe women’s suffrage would be a retrograde (backward) movement, that it would break up the home…” Document C Francis, Hobson, Smith and Garrod, Canadian Issues, Oxford University Press, 1998 “The First World War emphasized the need to overcome political resistance to female suffrage in Canada. It also provided the conditions under which women finally obtained the vote. Women eagerly supported the war effort, which for some provided a more compelling argument for female suffrage than the democratic right of women to vote. Document D Yet another speaker in the Manitoba Legislature in 1914 “Placing women on a political equality with men would cause domestic strife. Sex antagonism would be aroused. It can no more be disregarded than the operation of any other natural law can be set aside.” Document E Political Cartoon from 1914 8. Is Document A a primary or secondary source? Justify your answer. 9. Assess the reliability of Documents A, B, & C as sources of evidence. 10. To what extent is Document A corroborated by the other documents? 11. To what extent to Documents C & D corroborate Document E? 12. How much reliance might the historian place on the cartoon in document E as a source of evidence about the suffrage movement. Justify your answer.