Socials 11
Name _______________________
Block _____
Use Counterpoints pages 45-47 to help you answer the following:
Canadian production of goods such as wheat, beef and items made of wood,
copper and lead was at an all-time high during WWI. Why then, was there such
a shortage of these goods during this time in Canada?
Why was the 4% tax levied on businesses criticized by Canadians?
Describe the types of “out of home” jobs women had prior to 1914. How did
that change with the outbreak of WWI?
Your textbook states that “all Canadian women won the right to vote in federal
elections in 1918.” In fact, this is not altogether true. What group(s) do you
think were excluded from this right?
What were Victory Bonds? Honour Rationing?
What is a suffragist?
Evidence Based Questions
Document A
Prime Minister Borden, speaking in the House of Commons, moving the 2nd
reading of Bill 3, giving the vote to women. March 22nd, 1918
“I do not base it (giving the vote to women) on the wonderful and conspicuous service
and sacrifice which women have rendered to the national cause in the war. Apart from
all of these, I conceive that women are entitled to the franchise (right to vote) on their
Document B
Premier Roblin of Manitoba, speaking in January, 1914
“It is in the home that her (women’s) influence is best felt and exercised… I believe
women’s suffrage would be a retrograde (backward) movement, that it would break up
the home…”
Document C
Francis, Hobson, Smith and Garrod, Canadian Issues, Oxford University
Press, 1998
“The First World War emphasized the need to overcome political resistance to female
suffrage in Canada. It also provided the conditions under which women finally obtained
the vote. Women eagerly supported the war effort, which for some provided a more
compelling argument for female suffrage than the democratic right of women to vote.
Document D
Yet another speaker in the Manitoba Legislature in 1914
“Placing women on a political equality with men would cause domestic strife. Sex
antagonism would be aroused. It can no more be disregarded than the operation of
any other natural law can be set aside.”
Document E
Political Cartoon from 1914
Is Document A a primary or secondary source? Justify your answer.
Assess the reliability of Documents A, B, & C as sources of evidence.
To what extent is Document A corroborated by the other documents?
To what extent to Documents C & D corroborate Document E?
How much reliance might the historian place on the cartoon in document E as a
source of evidence about the suffrage movement. Justify your answer.