Employment in the Central City and the Suburbs (Millions of Jobs) Year 1980 1990 2000 Central City 35.2 46.5 49.0 Suburbs 31.6 43.8 53.8 Employment and Population Within 3 Miles and 10 Miles of the City Center (Percents) 3-Mile Share 10-Mile Share Median Location (Miles) Employment 22% 65% 7 Population 20% 65% 8 * Median location is where 50% of the jobs (population) are closer to the city center and 50% of the jobs (population) are farther from the center. Urban Commuting Patterns—2000 Suburban Home to Suburban Job Suburban Home to Central City Job Central City Home to Central City Job Central City Home to Suburban Job 44% 19% 29% 8% Office Subcenter Research Results* 1. In 13 large metropolitan areas, the distribution of office space is 38% in the CBD, 26% in office subcenters, and 36% in dispersed locations. 2. New York and Chicago have over 50% of the office space in the CBD. None of the other 11 metropolitan areas has a CBD share greater than 38%. 3. In other 11 metropolitan areas, the dispersed share of office space is greater than the CBD share. * An office subcenter has at least five million square feet of office space in a compact area.