HUMAN RIGHTS AND NATIONAL LEGAL SYSTEMS: CONSTITUTIONAL DISHARMONY? Prof. Jim Murdock School of Law – University of Glasgow Synopsis of Keynote Speech Legal Symposium on ‘Human Rights Protection under Modern Constitutional Law’ Why has the vision of human rights proved so difficult to realise in practice? The promise of a new era in the legal protection for individuals appears increasingly to have been too great a challenge for States. Increasingly in the United Kingdom, for example, political and also judicial sympathy for the concept has been waning. Much of this concern is grounded upon the perception that the notion of subsidiarity has been replaced by too activist an approach by the European Court of Human Rights, a criticism that exists elsewhere. This lecture will examine some key concerns at national level, and attempt to conclude whether such concerns are well-placed.