Skills for Work: First Aid Support Material Early Education and Childcare

Skills for Work:
Early Education and Childcare
Intermediate 2
First Aid
Support Material
July 2005
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
SFEU is grateful to the subject specialists in Scotland’s Colleges and other
agencies and industry bodies who have been involved in the writing of this and
other support materials in the Skills for Work series.
© Scottish Further Education Unit 2005
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
First Aid
DM5R 11
These notes are provided to support teachers and lecturers presenting the
Scottish Qualifications Authority Unit DM5R 11, First Aid.
Copyright for this pack is held by the Scottish Further Education Unit (SFEU).
However, teachers and lecturers have permission to use the pack and reproduce
items from the pack provided that this is to support teaching and learning
processes and that no profit is made from such use. If reproduced in part, the
source should be acknowledged.
Enquiries relating to this Support Pack or issues relating to copyright should be
addressed to:
Information and Publications Co-ordinator
The Scottish Further Education Unit
Argyll Court
Castle Business Park
Further information regarding this Unit including Unit Specification, National
Assessment Bank materials, Centre Approval and certification can be obtained
The Scottish Qualifications Authority
Hanover House
24 Douglas Street
G2 7NQ
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this Support Pack,
teachers and lecturers should satisfy themselves that the information passed to
candidates is accurate and in accordance with the current SQA arrangements
documents. SFEU will accept no responsibility for any consequences deriving
either directly or indirectly from the use of this Pack.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
What are Skills for Work Courses all about?
The Course in Early Education and Childcare (Intermediate 2)
Unit Specification: statement of standards
Teacher/Lecturer Note
Other Resources
Suggested teaching outline
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
What are Skills for Work Courses all about?
Skills for Work Courses are designed to help candidates to develop:
• skills and knowledge in a broad vocational area
• Core Skills
• an understanding of the workplace
• positive attitudes to learning
• skills and attitudes for employability
A key feature of these Courses is the emphasis on experiential learning. This
means learning through practical experience and learning by reflecting on
Learning through practical experience
Teaching/learning programmes should include some or all of the following:
• learning in real or simulated workplace settings
• learning through role play activities in vocational contexts
• carrying out case study work
• planning and carrying out practical tasks and assignments
Learning through reflecting at all stages of the experience
Teaching/learning programmes should include some or all of the following:
• preparing and planning for the activity
• taking stock throughout the activity
• reviewing and adapting as necessary
• reflecting after the activity has been completed
• evaluating, self-assessing and identifying learning points
The Skills for Work Courses are also designed to provide candidates with
opportunities for developing Core Skills and enhancing skills and attitudes for
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Core Skills
The five Core Skills are:
• Communication
• Numeracy
• Information Technology
• Problem Solving
• Working with Others
Opportunities for developing these skills are highlighted in each of the Course and
Unit Specifications.
The skills and attitudes for employability, including self-employment, are outlined
• generic skills/attitudes valued by employers
• understanding of the workplace and the employee’s responsibilities, for
example time-keeping, appearance, customer care
• self-evaluation skills
• positive attitude to learning
• flexible approaches to solving problems
• adaptability and positive attitude to change
• confidence to set goals, reflect and learn from experience
• specific vocational skills/knowledge
Course Specifications highlight the links to National Occupational Standards in
the vocational area and identify progression opportunities
Opportunities for developing these skills and attitudes are highlighted in each of
the Course and Unit Specifications. These opportunities include giving young
people direct access to workplace experiences or, through partnership
arrangements, providing different learning environments and experiences which
simulate aspects of the workplace. These experiences might include visits,
visiting speakers, role play and other practical activities.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
A Curriculum for Excellence (Scottish Executive 2004) identifies aspirations for
every young person. These are that they should become:
• successful learners
• confident individuals
• responsible citizens
• effective contributors
The learning environments, the focus on experiential learning and the
opportunities to develop employability and Core Skills in these Courses contribute
to meeting these aspirations.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
The Course in Early Education and Childcare
(Intermediate 2)
Course Rationale
The Early Education and Childcare sector is a growth industry across Scotland.
There exists within the sector a wide range of employment opportunities at a
variety of levels. In 2006 the Scottish Social Services Council (SSSC) will begin
mandatory registration of all people working with children aged 0–12 years in
Scotland. The SSSC is charged to ensure that the sector is served by a
confident, competent workforce. There is a growing awareness from all parts of
the sector that potential employees need a variety of opportunities to access those
qualifications set by the SSSC, particularly at support worker and practitioner
level. This Course provides an experiential route to candidates who wish to
progress onto further study in Early Education and Childcare courses that satisfy
the registration requirements of the SSSC. The candidate will also be equipped
with key knowledge and skills and develop positive attitudes that will allow them to
progress onto care related courses, eg. social care or into employment outwith the
early education and childcare sector.
The Intermediate 2 Course in Early Education and Childcare affords a broad link
to the care, learning and development of children aged 0–12 years as specified in
the National Occupation Standards relevant to both Children’s Care, Learning and
Development, and Playwork. It is concerned with the holistic study of the child.
This includes the domestic setting and all environments whose practice is guided
by legislation, policy and professional ethics as well as investigating the roles and
responsibilities of parenthood.
This Course will form an important part of the menu of provision, both for those
who have identified the field of early education and childcare as their possible
career path, and also for any candidates following a programme of study at
Intermediate 2 level who may wish to extend their educational experience. The
knowledge and experiences acquired in the areas of child development, child
health, play and working in the early education and childcare sector may be
transferable to other academic or career pathways, particularly those which
involve working with children or in other care settings. The study and
demonstration of practical competencies in First Aid is seen in any workplace
environment as a key skill.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
The aims of this Course are to:
• increase candidates’ awareness of the factors which impact on the lives of
children, their parents and carers
• provide an insight into working in early education and childcare
• facilitate candidates’ understanding of the interrelationship between
component Units
• increase candidates’ awareness of the necessity to view all aspects of early
education and childcare holistically
• enable candidates to draw upon the experiences gained in the Outcomes of
the component Units to inform and enhance their understanding of what can
be considered as effective early education and childcare provision
• increase candidates’ awareness of the scope of the early education and
childcare sector and the opportunities for employment in the sector
• allow candidates to develop key life skills, eg. through the optional Unit First
Aid (Intermediate 2)
• allow candidates to develop communication skills by working in groups and
with others in a variety of contexts
• allow candidates to develop investigative skills using a variety of research
• allow candidates to develop presentation skills
• allow candidates to develop self-evaluation skills
• give candidates confidence to set achievable goals
• allow candidates the opportunity to develop skills required for possible
employment in the early education and childcare sector, particularly
personal/interpersonal, basic communication and practical caring skills
• allow candidates to develop skills required for employment in other sectors
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Unit Specification: statement of standards
Unit: First Aid (Intermediate 2)
Acceptable performance in this Unit will be the satisfactory achievement of the
standards set out in this part of the Unit Specification. All sections of the
statement of standards are mandatory and cannot be altered without reference to
the Scottish Qualifications Authority.
Outcome 1
Explain the management of an incident involving casualties requiring first aid.
Performance Criteria
a) Explain the initial assessment process when dealing with an incident.
b) Describe the measures required to ensure safety of the casualty and others.
c) Describe the process of assessing treatment priorities.
d) Describe the processes of summoning assistance and passing on information.
Outcome 2
Explain the assessment, management and treatment of a variety of conditions.
Performance Criteria
a) Describe the assessment of a casualty.
b) Explain injuries and conditions.
c) Describe the management of the casualty’s condition.
d) Describe the treatment of a casualty.
Outcome 3
Explain the assessment, management and treatment of a casualty in need of
Performance Criteria
a) Describe the assessment of a casualty in need of resuscitation.
b) Describe the condition of a casualty in need of resuscitation.
c) Explain the management of the casualty’s condition.
d) Describe the resuscitation process.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Outcome 4
Demonstrate the assessment, management and treatment of a variety of
Performance Criteria
a) Demonstrate the appropriate assessment of casualties.
b) Demonstrate the appropriate management of casualties.
c) Demonstrate the appropriate treatment of casualties.
d) Demonstrate the correct resuscitation treatment of a casualty.
Evidence requirements for this Unit
Written and/or recorded oral evidence is required to demonstrate that the
candidate has achieved all Outcomes and Performance Criteria.
The evidence for Outcomes 1, 2 and 3 should be obtained under controlled,
supervised conditions and should last no more than one hour. A single question
paper with extended and restricted response questions, such as illustrated in the
National Assessment Bank item for this Unit, could be used. This should be taken
upon completion of the Unit. Achievement can be decided by the use of a cut-off
The evidence for Outcome 4 should be obtained by a practical exercise covering
all Performance Criteria conducted under controlled, supervised conditions, with
oral questioning integrated into the assessment. An assessor who is qualified to
the level required to assess candidates for the Health and Safety Executive
approved First Aid qualification should assess this Outcome.
Specific Advice
Outcome 2
Performance Criteria (b) and (d): A minimum of four conditions from the Appendix
to the Statement of Standards should be covered.
Outcome 4
Performance Criteria (b) and (c): A minimum of two conditions from the Appendix
to the Statement of Standards should be covered.
NB Centres must refer to the full Unit specification for detailed information
related to this Unit.
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Teacher/Lecturer Note
Up to date information required to deliver the Unit: First Aid (Intermediate 2) is
contained in the First Aid Manual authorised by the UK leading First Aid providers.
Those delivering the Unit should ensure that they are using the most up to date
edition. Further information about First Aid manuals can be obtained on-line at
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
There are many first aid videos but the following have been found to be useful:
999 Lifesaver Guide
BBC Education (1996)
BBC Education
PO Box 7
W12 8UD
Action for Anaphylaxis
The Anaphylaxis Campaign
The Ridges
2 Clockhouse Road
GU14 7QY
01252 542029
Basic Life Support
Health Education Video Unit
Clinical Sciences Building
Leicester Royal Infirmary NHS Trust
PO Box 65
0116 1550461
Breath of Life
St. John Supplies
Priory House
St John’s Lane
Product Code P20008
Websites – BBC Health and First Aid Café – St John’s Ambulance – St Andrew’s Ambulance
Other Resources
• 3 resuscitation mannequins – infant, child and adult
• A selection of bandages, dressings and triangular bandages – enough for size
of class
Scottish Further Education Unit
First Aid – Intermediate 2
Suggested teaching outline
The teaching of this Unit will be dependant upon the number of students in the
class. The optimum number for practical classes and assessment is 12, therefore
larger classes may need to be divided for this element. The outline is based on a
notional time of 40 hours, inclusive of assessment and remediation.
Introduction to Unit and First Aid
Requirements/books/Assessment discussed
Aims of First Aid/action at an emergency
Calling for emergency services/safety
Simulations/role play/recovery position
Videos as appropriate
Review/initial survey/examination of casualty
Diagnosis/signs and symptoms
General treatment of casualty
Practical assessment simulations
Basic outline of respiratory/circulatory systems
ABC/intro to resuscitation
Conscious levels/resuscitation
External chest compression demonstration
Asphyxia & various conditions
Prevention of Infection
Wounds and bleeding/review of circulatory system
Types and treatments of wounds
Use of dressings/ practical activities
Written assessment task
Practical assessment task
Remediation and review of Unit
Scottish Further Education Unit