EUMETSAT Satellite Programmes Marianne König & many colleagues

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MUG Meeting June 2009

EUMETSAT Satellite

Programmes

Marianne König & many colleagues [email protected]

EUMETSAT Space Segment – Current and Future

Meteosat First

Generation

96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Meteosat-6

Meteosat-7

MSG

Meteosat-8

Meteosat-9

Meteosat-10

Meteosat-11

MTG

EPS

Metop-A

Metop-B

Metop-C

Post-EPS

OSTM

Jason-2

Jason-3

GMES Sentinel 3

Rapid Scanning Service (RS) (10° E)

Primary Service (0° E)

3.4° W

IODC Backup (67.5° E)

IODC (57.5° E)

RS (10°E)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

The "old" Meteosats: First Generation

Operational imager mission over the Indian Ocean

3-channel radiometer (VIS, IR, WV), image repeat cycle 30 minutes

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Meteosat-7: Go East!

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MUG Meeting June 2009

M7 Relocation (09 Jun – 04 Oct 2006)

Meteosat-6: An Interesting Case

Radiometric Anomaly needs correction through cross-calibration with e.g. MSG

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MUG Meeting June 2009

MSG – Operational Service since 2004

Meteosat-8: stand-by satellite, over 10 E, currently in "rapid scan" mode

Meteosat-9: operational satellite, over 0 deg

Some MSG facts:

• 12-channel radiometer ("SEVIRI")

15 minute repeat cycle for full disk scans

3 km pixel sampling distance, 1 km for HRV

Series of 4 MSG satellites planned

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MUG Meeting June 2009

1

SEVIRI Overview

2 3

4 5

8

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MUG Meeting June 2009

9

6

10

12

7

11

HRV: A Special Case

High data rate allows only transmission of half a scan line.

Two block of "half lines" can be selected.

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(current setup)

MUG Meeting June 2009

Meteosat-8 in Rapid Scan

Coverage every 5 minutes

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Curious Incident Observed by Meteosat-8

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MUG Meeting June 2009

MSG Benefits

Nowcasting severe convection, fog, etc.

Input to NWP (mainly through AMVs)

Airmass visualisation

Dust detection

Volcanic ash detection

Detailed cloud information (microphysics)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Nowcasting Aspects

Big success of use of RGBs (set of "recommended RGBs")

Convection loop Europe Airmass loop Europe

Fog over Alps

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Special Events: Dust, Volcanic Ash

Dust outbreak over Sahara

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Volcanic Eruption (Karthala)

Detailed Cloud Information large warm water small cold ice small cold water large cold ice

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Meteosat Third Generation: Outlook

MTG IRS: Infrared Sounder

Fourier Transform Spectrometer

0.625 cm -1 spectral resolution, 700 – 2175 cm -1

Spatial resolution 4 km

Aim: support of NWP, mesoscale models

MTG UVN

(ultra-violet, visible and near-infrared radiometer)

Support of air chemistry

Provided as GMES Sentinel-4 instrument

MTG Lightning Imager (LI)

Detection of In-Cloud, Cloud-to-Cloud and Cloud- to-Ground Lightning Events

MTG FCI

Flexible Combined Imager

16 spectral channels, 10/2.5 min repeat cycle, 0.5-2 km resolution

Current Status: Twin Satellite configuration – FCI/LI and

IRS/UVN platforms, 4 FCI and 2 IRS platforms approved

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Meteosat Third Generation: Outlook

MTG FCI: Flexible Combined Imager

16 spectral channels (8 solar, 8 thermal)

Improved spatial resolution: 0.5 – 2km

Full Disk Coverage: Scan

Interval 10 min

Local Area Coverage:

Scan Interval 2.5 min

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MUG Meeting June 2009

EUMETSAT's Polar System: Metop (not MetOp!)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Launched from Baikonur in October 2006

Metop-A in orbit 2007

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Global View!

Courtesy H.P. Roesli, image produced with IDV

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MUG Meeting June 2009

EPS/Metop is part of the Initial Joint Polar System (IJPS)

Fairbanks, Alaska

Wallops Island, MD

Suitland, MD

Svalbard,

Norway

Darmstadt,

Germany

Metop

Metop-A (in orbit)

Metop-B (2012)

Metop-C (2016)

POES

NOAA-18 (in orbit)

NOAA-N’ (2009)

-

-

-

EUMETSAT-NOAA coordinated programmes

Exchange of instruments (ATOVS from NOAA, MHS from EUMETSAT)

Coordinated operations, data and services

MUG Meeting June 2009

Sun-synchronous

Orbit of 102 minutes

14.1 orbits per day

Instruments on Metop

AVHRR – traditional imaging (US, 1 km resolution)

HIRS/AMSU – traditional sounding (US)

MHS – Microwave Humidity Sounder (EUR)

GOME – UV instrument to support air chemistry (EU)

IASI – infrared sounder (EU)

GRAS – radio-occultation (sounding, EU)

ASCAT – active radar, scatterometer (EU)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Greenland seen by AVHRR

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MUG Meeting June 2009

ATOVS and MHS: Vertical Sounding

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Hyperspectral Sounding - IASI

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MUG Meeting June 2009

IASI Spectral Coverage, 8461 spectral samples

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Surface

Clouds

Surface

Clouds

Temp

(CO2)

O3

H2O,CH4,N2O

CO

N2O,

Temp

(CO2)

Surface

Temp

Clouds

(CO2)

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Europe

(courtesy ECMWF)

IASI Trace Gas Retrievals

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Credit M. Pommier/ P. Coheur/ D. Hurtmans, 2008

MUG Meeting June 2009

GOME Ozone Produce

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Antarctic ozone "hole" 2008

GRAS Radio-Occultations

(click for loop)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Ascat: Surface Radar Reflectivity

Ocean Surface Winds (KNMI)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

Soil Moisture (EUMETSAT and University Vienna)

JASON: Oceanographic Data

JASON-2 was launched on 20 June 2008

NASA / NOAA / CNES / EUMETSAT satellite

To be followed by JASON-3 and Sentinel-3

Main payload:

Poseidon altimeter (nadir viewing), 13.6 and 5.3 GHz

Microwave instrument to correct for atmospheric humidity

Orbit determination instruments (within 3 cm)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

JASON Products

Altimeter measures

„

Sea Surface Height

„

Significant Wave Height

„

Surface Wind Speed

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MUG Meeting June 2009

JASON Products

Products Main Variables Frequency Application Class

1

2

3

Operational Sensor

(Geophysical) Data

Record

(OSDR/OGDR)

Significant Wave Height

(SWH)

Surface Wind Speed

(WIND)

Sea Surface Height (SSH)

Interim

Geophysical Data

Record

(IGDR)

Geophysical Data

Record

(GDR )

Sea Surface Height

Absolute Dynamic

Topography

Ocean Geostrophic

Velocities

(ADT)

(SSH)

Sea Surface Height

(SSH)

3 hours

Daily**

10 daily

(one repeat cycle)

Nowcasting

Operational Wave

Forecasting

Medium-Range

Forecasting

Seasonal Forecasting

Ocean Weather

Climate Monitoring

Sea level Rise

Climate Modeling

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MUG Meeting June 2009

JASON Product: Sea Level Rise

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MUG Meeting June 2009

New Building – and new Office Cooling System

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MUG Meeting June 2009

New Logo ;)

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MUG Meeting June 2009

The End!

Thank you!

Merci!

Danke!

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MUG Meeting June 2009

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